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Giving in Russia: The Difficult Shaping of the New Nonprofit Regime

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Abstract

The origin of charitable giving in Old Russia dates back to the adoption of Christianity in the 10th century AD. Care for the poor was an essential mission of the Russian Orthodox Church and Russia’s first Orthodox Princes (Tumanova, 2010). From then on, ‘charitable giving was not so much a supplementary means of public betterment as an indispensable condition of personal moral health’ (Rozanov, 1992, p. 63). Unlike the church and state, individuals mostly limited their charitable activities to almsgiving. However, beginning in the second half of the 18th century, private philanthropy began to show its first signs of institutionalization. Consequently, Russia’s nonprofit sector started to take shape, developing in four phases (Mersianova, 2004; Jakobson & Sanovich, 2010).1

Keywords

  • Civil Society
  • Charitable Donation
  • Private Donation
  • Charitable Activity
  • Russian Citizen

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© 2015 Irina Mersianova, Lev Jakobson and Irina Krasnopolskaya

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Mersianova, I., Jakobson, L., Krasnopolskaya, I. (2015). Giving in Russia: The Difficult Shaping of the New Nonprofit Regime. In: Wiepking, P., Handy, F. (eds) The Palgrave Handbook of Global Philanthropy. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137341532_15

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