“Georgia Black Liberation Front,” Birmingham Police Files, 2.17, Birmingham Public Library (BPL). On Vine City, see Clayborne Carson, In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s (orig. publ., 1981; Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995);
Winston A. Grady-Willis, “A Changing Tide: Black Politics and Activism in Atlanta, Georgia, 1960–1977” (PhD Dissertation, Emory University, 1998)
Evidently Neblett was traveling to a number of cities in North Carolina— Fayetteville and Durham were also mentioned—and speaking about the BPP. “Black Panther Party—Winston Salem, NC,” Section 1, p. 57 and Section 2b, p. 17; Neblett, a founding member of the Boston chapter would shortly be purged from the party. See Jama Lazerow, “The Black Panthers at the Water’s Edge: Oakland, Boston, and the New Bedford ‘Riots’ of 1970,” in Lazerow and Yohuru Williams, eds., Liberated Territory: Untold Local Perspectives on the Black Panther Party (Durham: Duke University Press, 2008).
Colin A. Beckles, “Black Bookstores, Black Power, and the F.B.I.: The Case of Drum and Spear,” Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 20, No. 2 (1996): 63–71.
African Americans participated in every major military conflict that the United States undertook. After each of these conflicts, they returned home determined to claim their full citizenship rights. For example, see Payne, I’ve Got the Light of Freedom: The Organizing Tradition and the Mississippi Freedom Struggle (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995);
George Lipsitz, A Life in the Struggle: Ivory Perry and the Culture of Opposition revised edition (orig. publ., 1988; Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1995);
Timothy Tyson, Radio Free Dixie: Robert F. Williams and the Roots of Black Power (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999);
Tyson, Blood Done Sign My Name: A True Story (New York: Crown, 2004);
Steve Estes, I Am A Man!: Race, Manhood, and the Civil Rights Movement (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005)
Booker interview, September 2002; Wallace Terry, Bloods: An Oral History of the Vietnam War by Black Veterans (New York: Random House, 1984), 42.
The efforts of the ABLF to emulate the BPP offers evidence of the centrality of the Panthers to the larger historical moment, even in an area where there was no official chapter, and in a region—the Deep South—not often associated with the party’s history. Scholarship on the BPP, like that of Black Power, is burgeoning. See, for example, Charles E. Jones, ed., The Black Panther Party [Reconsidered] (Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1998);
Kathleen Cleaver and George Katsiaficas, eds., Liberation, Imagination, And the Black Panther Party: A New Look at the Panthers and Their Legacy (New York: Routledge Press, 2001);
Ogbar, Black Power; Murch, Living for the City; Lazerow and Williams, eds., Liberated Territory; Lazerow and Williams, In Search of the Black Panther Party: New Perspectives on a Revolutionary Movement, (Durham: Duke University Press, 2006);
Jane Rhodes, Framing the Black Panthers: The Spectacular Rise of a Black Power Icon (New York: New Press, 2007);
Yohuru Williams, Black Politics/White Power: Civil Rights, Black Power, and the Black Panthers in New Haven (Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2008);
Paul Alkebulan, Survival Pending Revolution: The History of the Black Panther Party (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2012).