Productive Environment

  • Piyush Tiwari
  • Ranesh Nair
  • Pavan Ankinapalli
  • Jyoti Rao
  • Pritika Hingorani
  • Manisha Gulati


Productivity is crucial for firms’ and nations’ performances and it is also linked with the living standards of citizens and the state’s ability to enhance the welfare of its citizens. Productivity also implies how efficiently firms and nations use resources. As discussed in Chapter 2, and later in this chapter, cities have become engines of growth. Nearly 70 per cent of India’s GDP is produced in cities. Productive cities are also competitive as they attract firms and people, who locate there and contribute to the growth and development. In this context it is crucial to understand how efficiently cities manage their resources and how they compare with other cities in a competitive way. Government policies and institutions play an important role in the productivity of cities. The actors of economic activities (firms, households, government) that are located in cities not only have an impact on the resources of cities but also a profound impact on urban fringes and the rural hinterland due to their demand on resources to sustain the urban economy.


Informal Sector Industrial Policy Productive Environment Metropolitan City Agglomeration Economy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Piyush Tiwari, Ranesh Nair, Pavan Ankinapalli, Jyoti Rao, Pritika Hingorani, and Manisha Gulati 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Piyush Tiwari
  • Ranesh Nair
  • Pavan Ankinapalli
  • Jyoti Rao
  • Pritika Hingorani
  • Manisha Gulati

There are no affiliations available

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