Transcending Capitalism through Cooperative Practices

  • Catherine P. Mulder


When Marx made the above comments in his first volume of Capital, he was referring to a capitalist class process and commodity production that often requires workers to act collectively. While he abhorred the capitalist mode of production, Marx clearly did espouse another, more equitable work organization, one built on cooperation and devoid of the chains that bind workers—whether imposed by a capitalist or by a central government. Capitalist production can and does exist in centrally planned “Communist”1 economies (Mulder, 2015). This type of production is NOT what Marx envisioned as the answer to capitalist exploitation. He stated:

In its simple shape, as investigated so far, co-operation is a necessary concomitant of all production on a large scale, but it does notin itself represent a fixed form characteristic of a particular epoch in the development of the capitalist mode of production. (Ibid., 453; emphasis added)


Capitalist Production Class Position Commodity Production Surplus Labor Class Process 
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© Catherine P. Mulder 2015

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  • Catherine P. Mulder

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