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Four Russias: Human Potential and Social Differentiation of Russian Regions and Cities

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Russia 2025

Abstract

Social differences — understood here as differences in human potential, population quality, and standard and way of living — are especially pronounced in territorially large countries characterized by inequality between regions and ethnic diversity. All these characteristics are intrinsic to Russia, which is why social diversity within the country is vast.

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Bibliography

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© 2013 Natalia Zubarevich

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Zubarevich, N. (2013). Four Russias: Human Potential and Social Differentiation of Russian Regions and Cities. In: Lipman, M., Petrov, N. (eds) Russia 2025. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137336910_4

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