Beyond Dayton I: Inter-ethnic Divisions
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As noted in the previous chapter, following the constituent people’s constitutional reform, there were no significant constitutional initiatives between 2002 and 2004. Nonetheless, the debate on the revision of Dayton carried on at both the domestic and international levels with some momentum towards the end of 2004. The Council of Europe (CoE), for example, continued to monitor the process of Bosnia’s post-accession requirements, and asked the Venice Commission in 2004 to make a comprehensive assessment as to the conformity of the Bosnian Constitution with respect to the European Convention on Human Rights (which was published in April 2005).1 Various formal domestic initiatives on constitutional reform were also put forward in 2004. The SDA was the first party to present an initiative to the parliament in March 2004 including amendments on human rights issues and a redefinition of the election law in relation to the House of Peoples and the presidency (the initiative proposed the president be elected by a single national ballot).2 A few days later, the HDZ presented another proposal, circumscribed to the adoption of a public debate on constitutional changes in order to create a more functioning state in line with EU requirements. The last and two most comprehensive proposals — equaling a radical overhaul of Dayton — were presented by the SDP on March 31 and September 9, 2004.
KeywordsExternal Actor Personal Interview Reform Process Party Leader Constitutional Reform
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