Advertisement

The Dorgon Regency, 1644–1650

  • Harry Miller

Abstract

Dorgon entered Beijing through the Chaoyang Gate on June 6, 1644, with the old and the young offering incense and prostrating themselves as he approached. Eunuchs soon emerged from the imperial palace, surrendering the dead Chongzhen’s formal insignia and placing at Dorgon’s disposal the royal palanquin. Dorgon refused to ride in it, saying, “I follow the Duke of Zhou. It is inappropriate for me, merely the assistant of our Young Sovereign, to travel by palanquin.” Spokesmen for the multitude, however, replied, “The Duke of Zhou, while ‘merely assisting’ with affairs of state, sat with his back to the king’s silken screen. It is quite appropriate for you to ride.” Dorgon said, resignedly, “Having come to pacify the Empire, I can only accede to the people’s will,” and making obeisance also to Heaven, amid much ceremony, he rode in the palanquin to the Wuying Palace and ascended the throne.1

Keywords

Ming Dynasty Common People Retire Official Early Qing Dynasty Local Gentry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 3.
    Da Qing Shizong Zhang (Shunzhi) huangdi shilu, ch. 5, 7b, reprinted in Da Qing Shizong Zhang (Shunzhi) huangdi shilu, vol. 1, 54; Tu Lien-che, “Feng Ch’uan,” in Eminent Chinese of the Ch’ing Period, ed. Arthur Hummel (Taipei: Ch’eng wen, 1972), 241;Google Scholar
  2. Frederic Wakeman Jr., The Great Enterprise: The Manchu Reconstruction of Imperial Order in Seventeenth-Century China (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985), 443–44;Google Scholar
  3. Harry Miller, State versus Gentry in Late Ming Dynasty China, 1572–1644(New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009), 129–31;Google Scholar
  4. Zhou Yuanlian and Zhao Shiyu, Huangfu shezhengwang Duo’ergun quanzhuan (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe, 1987), 365–67.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    Miller, State versus Gentry, 97; Da Qing Shizong Zhang (Shunzhi) huangdi shilu, ch. 6, 17a-19b, reprinted in Da Qing Shizong Zhang (Shunzhi) huangdi shilu, vol. 1, 73–74; Feng Shu, Yu shan yao luan zhi (Shanghai: Wenming shuju, 1925), shang, 7b.Google Scholar
  6. 17.
    Jerry Dennerline, The Chia-ting Loyalists: Confucian Leadership and Social Change in Seventeenth-Century China (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1981), 267.Google Scholar
  7. 19.
    Chen-main Wang, “Claiming Dynastic Legitimacy: Qing Strategies During the Dorgon Era,” in The Scholar’s Mind: Essays in Honor of Frederick W. Mote, ed. Perry Link (Hong Kong: Chinese University Press, 2009), 168–70; Wakeman, The Great Enterprise, 863; Ming Qing ski liao, jia bian, vol. 1, ed. Institute of History and Philology, 88, reprinted in Ming Qing ski liao, jia bian, vol. 1, ed. [Min guo] Zhongyang yanjiuyuan lishi yuyan yanjiusuo (Beijing: Beijing tushuguan chubanshe, 2008), 225; Dorgon, Duo’ergun ske zkeng ri ji (Beiping: Guoli Beiping gugong bowuyuan, 1935), la; Da Qing Skizong Zkang (Skunzki) kuangdi skilu, ch. 17, 7b-8b, reprinted in Da Qing Skizong Zkang (Skunzki) kuangdi skilu, vol. 1,198.Google Scholar
  8. 20.
    Dorgon, Duo’ergun ske zkeng ri ji, 9a; Ku Hung-ting, The Grand Secretariat in Ck’ing Ckina: A Ckronological List (San Francisco: Chinese Materials Center, 1980), 2; Wakeman, Tke Great Enterprise, 244–45; de Bary and Bloom, eds., Sources of Ckinese Tradition, 595–96.Google Scholar
  9. 23.
    Wakeman, The Great Enterprise, 634–39; Zhang Huijian, Ming Qing Jiangsu wenren nianbiao (Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 1986), 590, 611;Google Scholar
  10. Zhou Pinghe et al., eds., Beijing tuskuguan cang zkenben nianpu congkan (Beijing: Beijing tushuguan chubanshe, 1999), 36a–37b; Feng Shu, xia, 10a; Sun Zhiwei, “Dai shu ji cheng da xiong bo fa,” ch. 1 in Gai tang qian ji (Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 1979), 8b; Dennerline, The Ckia-ting Loyalists, 269–70.Google Scholar
  11. 24.
    Zhang Huijian, Ming Qing Jiangsu wenren nianbiao, 601; Wakeman, Tke Great Enterprise, 598–604; Hilary J. Beattie, “The Alternative to Resistance: The Case of T’ung-ch’eng, Anwei,” in From Ming to Ck’ing: Conquest, Region, and Continuity in Seventeentk-Century Ckina, ed. Jonathan D. Spence and John E. Wills Jr. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979), esp. 260, 264–66;Google Scholar
  12. Guo Songyi, “Jiangnan dizhu jieji yu Qing chu zhongyang jiquan de maodun ji qi fazhan he bianhua,” in Qingdai luncong, di yi ji (Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1979), esp. 121–32.Google Scholar
  13. 26.
    Dorgon, Duo’ergun ske zkeng ri ji, 9a-b; Chen-main Wang, The Life and Career of Hung Ck’eng-ck’ou (1593–1665): Public Service in a Time of Dynastic Ckange (Ann Arbor, MI: Association for Asian Studies, 1999), 149–51, 162–63.Google Scholar
  14. 29.
    Hong Chengchou, Hong Ckengckou zkangzou wen ce kui ji (Taipei: Taiwan yinhang, 1968), 2–4, 21–57; Hong Chengchou, “Jie wei can xian ren shao di huang deng shi,” Number One Historical Archives, Shunzhi period jie/zou/qi collection, item 43, Beijing, China.Google Scholar
  15. 31.
    Chen Zhiping, “Qing chu di ding qianliang zheng shou xin tan,” Zhong-guo shehui jingji yanjiusuo 80 (1992), 88–89; Da Qing Shizong Zhang (Shunzhi) huangdi shilu, ch. 13, 2b-3a, reprinted in Da Qing Shizong Zhang (Shunzhi) huangdi shilu, vol. 1, 145–6;Google Scholar
  16. Chen Feng, “Shunzhi chao de junfei zhichu yu tianfu yuzheng,” Zhongguo shehui jingji shi yan-jiu 40 (1992.1): esp. 48–9.Google Scholar
  17. 33.
    Wei Qianzhi, “Cong Qing chu wu da bi zheng kan dangshi de shehui maodun,” Henan daxue xuebao (shehui kexue ban) 31, no. 4 (July 1991): 72–76.Google Scholar
  18. 36.
    Zhang Huijian, Ming Qing Jiangsu wenren nianbiao, 599, 604, 611; Hou Zonghai, Jiangpu pi sheng (Yangzhou: Jiangsu guangling guji key-inshe, 1988), ch. 29, 8a-b; Holland Cotter, “After Conquest, Subtle Emblems of Protest,” New Tork Times, September 9, 2011, C22.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Harry Miller 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harry Miller

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations