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Finding Havens to Save Lives:

Four Case Studies from the Jewish Refugee Crisis of the 1930s
  • Dean J. Kotlowski
Part of the Rethinking Political Violence Series book series (RPV)

Abstract

In the late 1930s, few countries or individuals were willing to rescue Jews from Nazi Germany. There were exceptions and their efforts deserve attention: Premier Albert George Ogilvie of Tasmania intervened to bring a small number of Jews to Australia; United States Commissioner to the Philippines Paul V. McNutt, in tandem with Philippine President Manuel L. Quezon, helped 1200 Jews come to Manila; and President Rafael Trujillo of the Dominican Republic accepted about 800 Jews who formed a refugee colony at Sosúa. These leaders — all wielding varying degrees of power — acted for different reasons. Ogilvie and McNutt were left-of-centre politicians in developed democracies who assisted refugees in accordance with the laws and the prevailing opinion of their countries. Quezon and Trujillo, by contrast, exercised greater control of their countries’ domestic politics and faced fewer constraints with respect to accepting refugees. They were motivated chiefly by self-interest, that is, the desire to boost their countries economically, Européanise their populations and curry favour with their mutual international patron, the United States.

Keywords

Dominican Republic Jewish Community Immigration Policy Jewish Life Refugee Family 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Dean J. Kotlowski 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dean J. Kotlowski

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