The Army of the Republic: New Warfare and a New Army
The French Revolution, in its struggle to survive, charted the historical course that forged the trinity of army, nation, and republic. It was a development unforeseen by the revolutionaries, who had no preconceived plan for these matters. The war hastened the coming of the Republic, but the survival of the Republic, both as a regime and even more as a model, came to depend upon military success. A circular phenomenon was at work—a new form of warfare, which the Revolution itself produced before being radicalized by it, brought into being a new army, which in turn altered the conduct and character of the war, though without necessarily leading to a military revolution.
KeywordsMilitary Service Active Citizen French Revolution National Guard French Nation
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