Democratising Governance after the Arab Revolutions: The People, the Muslim Brotherhood and the Governance Networks of Egypt

  • Benjamin Isakhan


From late 2010 a series of dramatic and unprecedented events swept across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). It began in the quiet Tunisian town of Sidi Bouzid, where a young street vendor set himself alight in response to the corruption and oppression that surrounded him. Mohamed Bouazizi’s desperate act of self-immolation resonated with a deeply disgruntled population and led to weeks of popular protests across the country. On 14 January 2011, the 23-year autocratic rule of President Ben Ali came to an end. These events led to several scattered protests in other Arab states, most notably in Egypt where tens of thousands of protestors eventually took control of Tahrir Square in Cairo. A stand-off ensued between elements loyal to the government and the popular uprising. Although President Mubarak remained obstinate that he would introduce reform and then see out his term, by 11 February 2011 the Arab Revolutions had claimed their second dictatorial regime. Meanwhile, the Arab Revolutions had mixed results elsewhere: in both Libya and Yemen, the regimes fell only after a protracted and bloody struggle; in countries like Bahrain, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and others, those who held power employed a potent cocktail of brutal suppression and modest political and economic concessions to keep it; and in Syria the battle to oust President Assad continues with no end in sight.


Dictatorial Regime Arab World Democratise Governance Governance Network Arab State 
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© Benjamin Isakhan 2014

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  • Benjamin Isakhan

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