Borders, War, and Nation-Building in Napoleon’s Europe
The French Revolution, in its early stages, promised the creation of a Europe without borders. Yet borders within Europe were destined to endure. Indeed, they became more tangible in the nineteenth century in terms of their delineation, .demarcation, and policing. This chapter analyzes the postponement of borderless Europe. Initially, the focus is on the decade after the outbreak of the Revolution in 1789, a period characterized in France by dramatic oscillations in many policy areas, including with respect to borders. The essay then examines the Napoleonic period proper (1799–1815), identifying in particular the policy contradictions inherited from the Revolution.
KeywordsSatellite State French Revolution International Border Tariff Barrier Military Conscription
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- 23.For Broers’ most important contributions in this area see, in reverse chronological order, M. Broers, Napoleon’ Other War: Bandits, Rebels and Their Pursuers in the Age of Revolutions (Oxford, 2010); The Napoleonic Empire in Italy, 1796–1814: Cultural Imperialism in a European Con tex t? (B asingstoke, 2005); Europe under Napoleon 1799–1815 (London and New York, 1996). For the Napoleonic civilizing mission more generally, see especially the work of Stuart Woolf, including ‘French Civilization and Ethnicity in the Napoleonic Empire’, Past & Present, 124 (1989), 96–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar