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Abstract

Charting the relationships between criminology and sociology as they have developed in Britain is not an easy or straightforward task. Although there are numerous histories of criminal justice institutions - courts, legislation, policing, prisons, and so on, there is relatively little on the history, or the sociology, of criminology. Textbook accounts ritually invoke the same cast of characters typically beginning with Beccaria (1764/1986) as the originator of the ‘classical school’ and contrasting this with Lombroso’s ‘positivist’ search for the ‘criminal type’ over a century later. How these ideas shaped actual practices at the time, or were related to other intellectual currents and institutional settings, is rarely traced in any depth. A sociology of criminological knowledge that examines its structure as an academic and cultural field in which individuals and institutions interact in a web of creative and competing relationships is also largely absent.

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© 2014 Eamonn Carrabine

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Carrabine, E. (2014). Criminology, Deviance and Sociology. In: Holmwood, J., Scott, J. (eds) The Palgrave Handbook of Sociology in Britain. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137318862_21

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