Referendums in Africa

  • Norbert Kersting


Democratic innovation and new direct and deliberative participatory instruments are no longer an export from the Global North. Deliberative democracy, such as participatory budgeting and national conferences, was implemented and invented in Latin America, where direct democracy seems to be enjoying a new honeymoon (see Uruguay, Ecuador, Venezuela; Altman 2011). Are there learning effects for other continents, such as Africa?


Voter Turnout Direct Democracy Legal Provision Constitutional Amendment Output Legitimacy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Norbert Kersting 2014

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  • Norbert Kersting

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