Spanish Milan pp 151-154 | Cite as




In 1796, after the Napoleonic troops had introduced the new revolutionary ideas to northern Italy, the Milanese crowd decapitated the statue of Philip II located on the facade of the Palazzo dei Giureconsulti, a symbol of the Habsburg monarchy and of the tyrannical rule of kings over the common people. The statue was eventually eliminated in 1799 and replaced with one of St. Ambrose, patron saint of the city, in 1833.1


Seventeenth Century Public Debt Local Elite Spanish Period Patron Saint 
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  1. 1.
    Antonio Álvarez-Ossorio Alvariño, Milan y el legado de Felipe II. Gobernadores y corte provincial en la Lombardia de los Austrias (Madrid: Sociedad Estatal para la Conmemoración de los Centenarios de Felipe II y Carlos V, 2001), 31.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Michael Levin, Agents ofEmpire. Spanish Ambassadors in Sixteenth-Century Italy (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2005), 2–3.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    For a more general perspective, see Domenico Sella, “The Survival of the Urban Economies of Central and Northern Italy in the Seventeenth Century. Recent Studies and New Perspectives,” Journal of Mediterranean Studies X (2000), 275–86.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Paolo Malanima, “Le crisi in Italia e la crisi del Settecento,” Società e Storia 100–101 (2003), 373–86.Google Scholar
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    Stephan R. Epstein, Freedom and Growth. The Rise of States and Markets in Europe, 1300–1750 (London: Routledge, 2000), 167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Domenico Sella, Crisis and Continuity. The Economy of Spanish Lombardy in the Seventeenth Century (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1979), 146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Giuseppe De Luca, “Government Debt and Financial Markets: Exploring Pro-Cycle Effects in Northern Italy during the Sixteenth nd Seventeenth Centuries,” in Fausto Piola Caselli (ed.), Government Debts and Financial Markets in Europe (London: Pickering & Chatto, 2008), 46.Google Scholar

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© Stefano D’Amico 2012

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