‘Plus ça change, plus c’est la même chose’: A Longitudinal Analysis of HRM Work and the Profile of Senior HR Managers

  • Mila Lazarova
  • Wolfgang Mayrhofer
  • Chris Brewster


Understanding national differences in handling HRM matters is a key area of international management studies (Ricks, Toyne & Martinez, 1990) and is at the heart of the burgeoning field of comparative HRM (see the contributions in Brewster & Mayrhofer, 2012b). There is now considerable evidence that HRM varies significantly between countries, cultures and institutional settings (see, for example, Croucher et al., 2010; Larsen & Mayrhofer, 2006; Scholz & Böhm, 2008). How significant these differences are depends on whether they are evidence of the embeddedness of HRM in national contexts or of varying stages of development and the different pace of learning of organizations from different contexts. The latter would imply that as globalization increases, these differences would become less pronounced.


Human Resource Management Strategic Human Resource Management Initial Public Offering Firm Country Cluster European Cluster 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Almond, P., Edwards, T. & Clark, I. 2003. ‘Multinationals and changing national business systems in Europe: Towards the “shareholder value” model?’ Industrial Relations Journal, 34 (5): 430–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Altrichter, H. & Gorbach, S. 1993. ‘Professionalität im Wandel: Konsequenzen für Begriffsbestimmung und professionelle Ausbildung diskutiert am Beispiel der Personalarbeit’. Zeitschrift für Personalforschung, (1): 77–95.Google Scholar
  3. Amable, B. 2003. The Diversity of Modern Capitalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Apospori, E., Nikandrou, I., Brewster, C. & Papalexandris, N. 2008. ‘HRM and organizational performance in Northern and Southern Europe’. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 19 (7): 1187–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Becker, B. & Gerhart, B. 1996. ‘The impact of human resource management on organizational performance: Progress and prospects’. Academy of Management Journal, 39 (4): 779–801.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Blyton, P. & Turnbull, P. 1992. Reassessing Human Resource Management. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  7. Brewster, C. 1995. ‘Towards an “European” model of human resource management’. Journal of International Business Studies, 26 (1): 1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Brewster, C. 1999. ‘Different paradigms in strategic HRM: Questions raised by comparative research’. In P. Wright, L. Dyer, J.W. Boudreau & G.T. Milkovich (eds), Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management. Stamford, CT: JAI Press, 213–38.Google Scholar
  9. Brewster, C. & Mayrhofer, W. 2012a. ‘Comparative human resource management: An introduction’. In C. Brewster & W. Mayrhofer (eds), Handbook of Research on Comparative Human Resource Management. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 1–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Brewster, C. & Mayrhofer, W. (eds). 2012b. Handbook of Research on Comparative Human Resource Management. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  11. Brewster, C., Mayrhofer, W. & Morley, M. 2004. Human Resource Management in Europe: Evidence of Convergence? London: Butterworth-Heinemann.Google Scholar
  12. Brewster, C., Wood, G., Brookes, M. & van Ommeren, J.V. 2006. ‘What determines the size of the HR function? A cross-national analysis’. Human Resource Management, 45 (1): 3–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Buller, P.F. 1988. ‘Successful partnerships: HR and strategic planning at eight top firms’. Organizational Dynamics, 17: 27–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Chhokar, J.S., Brodbeck, F.C. & House, R.J. 2007. Culture and Leadership Across the World: The GLOBE Book of In-Depth Studies of 25 Societies. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  15. Collin, A. 1998. ‘New challenges in the study of career’. Personnel Review, 27 (5): 412–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Croucher, R., Brookes, M., Wood, G. & Brewster, C. 2010. ‘Context, strategy and financial participation: A comparative analysis’. Human Relations, 63 (6): 835–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Djelic, M.-L. & Quack, S. (eds). 2003. Globalization and Institutions: Redefining the Rules of the Economic Game. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  18. Drori, G.S., Meyer, J.W. & Hwang, H. (eds). 2006. Globalization and Organization: World Society and Organizational Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Eccles, R.G. & Nohria, N. 1992. Beyond the Hype: Rediscovering the Essence of Management. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.Google Scholar
  20. Farndale, E. 2005. ‘HR department professionalism: A comparison between the UK and other European countries’. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 16 (5): 660–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Farndale, E. & Brewster, C. 2005. ‘In search of legitimacy: National professional associations and the professionalism of HR practitioners’. Human Resource Management Journal, 15 (3): 33–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Fombrun, C.J., Tichy, N. & Devanna, M.A. 1984. Strategic Human Resource Management. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  23. Friedman, T.L. 2007. The World is Flat: The Globalized World in the Twenty-First Century. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  24. Goergen, M., Brewster, C. & Wood, G. 2009. ‘Corporate governance regimes and employ-ment relations in Europe’. Relations industrielles/Industrial Relations, 64 (4): 620–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Golden, K.A. & Ramanujam, V. 1985. ‘Between a dream and a nightmare: On the integration of the human resource department and strategic business planning processes’. Human Resource Management, 24 (2): 429–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Gomez-Mejia, L.R., Balkin, D.B. & Cardy, R.L. 2004. Managing Human Resources, 4th edn. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  27. Greer, C.R. 2001. Strategic Human Resource Management: A General Managerial Approach, 2nd edn. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  28. Guest, D. 1987. ‘HRM and industrial relations’. Journal of Management Studies, 24 (5): 503–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Guest, D.E. 1990. ‘Human resource management and the American dream’. Journal of Management Studies, 27 (4): 377–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hall, P. & Soskice, D. (eds). 2001. Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Hofstede, G. 1980. Culture’s Consequences: International Differences in Work-Related Values. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  32. Hofstede, G. 2001. Culture’s Consequences: Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions and Organizations across Nations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  33. Hofstede, G. & Minkov, M. 2010. Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind, revised and expanded 3rd edn. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  34. Holbeche, L. 2002. Aligning Human Resources and Business Strategy. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.Google Scholar
  35. Hollingsworth, J.R. & Boyer, R. 1997. Contemporary Capitalism: The Embededdness of Institutions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. House, R.J., Hanges, P.J., Javidan, M., Dorfman, P.W. & Gupta, V. (eds). 2004. Culture, Leadership, and Organizations: The GLOBE Study of 62 Societies. Thousand Oaks, CA.: Sage.Google Scholar
  37. Larsen, H.H. & Brewster, C. 2003. ‘Line management responsibility for HRM: What is happening in Europe?’ Employee Relations, 25: 228–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Larsen, H.H. & Mayrhofer, W. (eds). 2006. Managing Human Resources in Europe: A Thematic Approach. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  39. Legge, K. 2005. Human Resource Management: Rhetorics and Realities. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  40. Lengnick-Hall, C.A. & Lengnick-Hall, M.L. 1988. ‘Strategic human resources management: A review of the literature and a proposed typology’. Academy of Management Review, 13: 454–70.Google Scholar
  41. Mayrhofer, W., Brewster, C., Morley, M. & Ledolter, J. 2011. ‘Hearing a different drummer? Evidence of convergence in European HRM’. Human Resource Management Review, 21 (1): 50–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Pendleton, A., Poutsma, E., Brewster, C. & van Ommeren, J. 2002. ‘Employee share ownership and profit sharing in the European Union: Incidence, company characteristics and union representation’. Transfer, 8 (1): 47–62.Google Scholar
  43. Pfeffer, J. 1998. The Human Equation: Building Profits by Putting People First. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.Google Scholar
  44. Price, A. 1997. Human Resource Management in a Business Context. London: Thomson.Google Scholar
  45. Rasmussen, E. & Andersen, T. 2006. ‘European employment relations: From collectivism to individualism?’ In H.H. Larsen & W. Mayrhofer (eds), Managing Human Resources in Europe: A Thematic Approach. London: Routledge, 212–36.Google Scholar
  46. Reichel, A., Brandl, J. & Mayrhofer, W. 2009. ‘Departmental status in light of a growing proportion of female staff: The case of human resource management’. European Journal of International Management, 3 (4): 457–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Reichel, A., Brandl, J. & Mayrhofer, W. 2010. ‘The strongest link: Legitimacy of top management diversity, sex stereotypes and the rise of women in human resource management 1995–2004’. Management Revue, 21 (3): 332–52.Google Scholar
  48. Ricks, D., Toyne, B. & Martinez, Z. 1990. ‘Recent developments in international management research’. Journal of Management, 16 (2): 219–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Scholz, C. & Böhm, H. (eds), 2008. Human Resource Management in Europe: Comparative Analysis and Contextual Understanding. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  50. Schuler, R. & Jackson, S. 2007. Strategic Human Resource Management. Oxford: Blackwells.Google Scholar
  51. Schwartz, S.H. 1992. ‘Universals in the content and structure of values: Theoretical advances and empirical tests in 20 countries’. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 25: 1–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Schwartz, S.H. 1999. ‘A theory of cultural values and some implications for work’. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 48 (1): 23–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Schwartz, S.H. 2004. ‘Mapping and interpreting cultural differences around the world’. In E. Vinken, J. Soeters & P. Ester (eds), Comparing Cultures: Dimensions in Cultures. A Comparative Perspective. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  54. Tregaskis, O. & Brewster, C. 2006. ‘Converging or diverging? A comparative analysis of trends in contingent employment practice in Europe over a decade’. Journal of International Business Studies, 37 (1): 111–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Truss, C. 2003. ‘Strategic HRM: Enablers and constraints in the NHS’. The International Journal of Public Sector Management, 16 (1): 48–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Truss, C., Gratton, L., Hope-Hailey, V., Stiles, P. & Zaleska, J. 2002. ‘Paying the piper: Choice and constraint in changing HR functional roles’. Human Resource Management Journal, 12 (2): 39–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Tsoukis, C., Agiomirgianakis, G.M. & Biswas, T. (eds), 2004. Aspects of Globalization: Macroeconomic and Capital Market Linkage in the Integrated World Economy. Boston, MA: Kluwer.Google Scholar
  58. Ulrich, D. 1997. Human Resource Champions: The Next Agenda for Adding Value and Delivering Results. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.Google Scholar
  59. Ulrich, D. & Brockbank, W. 2005. The HR Value Proposition. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.Google Scholar
  60. Wächter, H. & Metz, T. (eds). 1995. Professionalisierte Personalarbeit? Perspektiven der Professionalisierung des Personalwesens. Sonderband der Zeitschrift für Personalforschung. München, Mering: Hampp.Google Scholar
  61. Watson, D. 1988. Managers of Discontent–Trade Union Officers and Industrial Relations Managers. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  62. Welbourne, T.M. & Cyr, L.A. 1999. ‘The human resource executive effect in initial public offering firms’. Academy of Management Journal, 6: 616–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Whitley, R. 1999. Divergent Capitalisms: The Social Structuring and Change of Business Systems. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  64. Wright, P.M., Gardner, T.M., Moynihan, L.M. & Allen, M.R. 2005. ‘The relationship between HR practices and firm performance: Examining causal order’. Personnel Psychology, 58 (2): 409–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Mila Lazarova, Wolfgang Mayrhofer and Chris Brewster 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mila Lazarova
  • Wolfgang Mayrhofer
  • Chris Brewster

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations