Into the Market Place, 1979–2010
The election of Margaret Thatcher in 1979 and Ronald Reagan in 1980 changed transatlantic assumptions about economics and politics, bringing a new respect for the market and new restrictions on government activity. The 1980s also brought to Latin America the worst recession since the 1930s and to Africa a decade in which the educational advances of the previous ten years went into reverse. But on a longer time scale all this was to be dwarfed by political transformations unthinkable at a time when the Soviet Union was entrenched as one partner in the cold war stasis, dictators were in power in much of Latin America, and apartheid South Africa glowered unrepentant in its laager. Two groups of foreign students symbolise the changed world that was to follow: in 1992 the first organised group of Russian students since Catharine the Great arrived in Britain, to be followed four years later by the first Commonwealth scholars from South Africa since 1961.1 Policy towards students from abroad was shaped by these changes, by changes in British higher education and changes in international thinking about the purposes of higher education.
KeywordsHigh Education Market Place Foreign Student Student Mobility Overseas Development
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