From Heritage to Archaeology and Back Again

  • Shatha Abu Khafajah
  • Arwa Badran


Archaeology is often seen as a scientific discipline that explores the material of the past. Likewise, heritage is conventionally understood as material from the past to which people develop a sense of attachment and pride. Although heritage studies, as an academic endeavour, is relatively new compared with the science of archaeology, we argue that ancient cultures conserved material of the past because they considered it their heritage. For example, the prominent Roman architect in the first century CE, Vitruvius, regarded the architectural heritage of Rome as a reflection of his people’s achievements at all levels: a heritage that expressed Roman culture and shaped its present and future. In Vitruvius’ (1995, I, p. 5) words to Caesar: ‘with respect to the future, you have such regard to public and private buildings, that they will correspond to the grandeur of our history, and will be a memorial to future ages’. The Theodosian Code and Novels and the Sirmondian Constitution documented the law of Rome in the time between 313 CE and 438 CE. The Code, edited and translated by Clyde Pharr in 1952, demonstrated different measures to protect the Classical material of the past. For example, penalties against those who stole or vandalized monuments or tombs were declared (Pharr, 1952, p. 239). Furthermore, officers were designated to inspect monuments regularly and to report the necessary levels of interventions needed to preserve the Classical material of the past (Pharr, 1952, p. 242).


Cultural Heritage Material Culture Historic Preservation Heritage Management World Archaeological Congress 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Shatha Abu Khafajah and Arwa Badran 2015

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  • Shatha Abu Khafajah
  • Arwa Badran

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