Advertisement

Gender and Work-Family Conflict: A Secondary Analysis of Timescapes Data

  • Sarah Irwin
  • Mandy Winterton
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Studies in Family and Intimate Life book series (PSFL)

Abstract

Recent decades have seen a growing interest in the reuse of extant qualitative data and a remarkable expansion in the possibilities for doing so with the exponential growth in electronic data storage and archiving capacity. Research funders have sought to encourage reuse and data sharing through investing in archiving infrastructure and requiring research bids to include proposals for depositing and sharing data (Van den Eynden et al. 2011, Neale and Bishop 2012). The secondary analysis of large data sets is a standard practice in quantitative research, but the secondary analysis of qualitative data entails unique challenges. There has been some controversy over the logic of undertaking secondary analysis of qualitative data. The orientation of qualitative research to context, specificity and meaning, and the embeddedness of data in the purposes of the primary researchers, in their disciplinary and theoretical concerns, and in the specific contexts through which they generate data makes their secondary analysis a potentially fraught undertaking. Alongside epistemological issues and methodological questions are a range of ethical challenges. These issues are widely discussed and addressed in detail elsewhere (e.g. Bishop 2006, 2009, Mason 2007, Hammersley 2010, Irwin and Winterton 2012, Mauthner and Parry 2012). Most concur that secondary analysis has a role to play both in enhancing sociological understanding, as well as a potentially valuable role in informing policy.

Keywords

Secondary Analysis Family Life Project Team Time Stress Life Balance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bianchi, S. M. and Milkie, M. A. (2010) ‘Work and family research in the first decade of the 21st century’, Journal of Marriage and the Family, 72: 705–725.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bishop, L. (2006) ‘A proposal for archiving context for secondary analysis’, Methodological Innovations Online, 1(2). Available at: www.methodologicalinnovations.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/2.-Bishop-pp10-20.pdf.
  3. Bishop, L. (2009) ‘Ethical sharing and reuse of qualitative data’, Australian Journal of Social Issues, 44(3): 255–272.Google Scholar
  4. Creighton, C. (1999) ‘The rise and decline of the “male breadwinner family” in Britain’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 23(5): 519–541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Crompton, R. (2002) ‘Employment, flexible working and the family’, British Journal of Sociology, 53(4): 537–558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Crompton, R. and Lyonette, C. (2006) ‘Work-life balance in Europe’, Acta Sociologica, 49(4): 379–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Doucet, A. (2009) ‘Gender equality and gender differences: Parenting, habitus and embodiment’ (The 2008 Porter Lecture), Canadian Review of Sociology, 46(2): 1103–1121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Edlund, J. (2011) ‘The work-family time squeeze. Conflicting demands of paid and unpaid work among working couples in 29 countries’, International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 48(6): 451–480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Feldberg, R. L. and Glenn, E. N. (1979) ‘Male and female: Job versus gender models in the sociology of work’, Social Problems, 26(5): 524–538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Finn, M. and Henwood, K. (2009) ‘Exploring masculinities within men’s identificatory imaginings of first-time fatherhood’, British Journal of Social Psychology, 48: 547–562.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Forsberg, L. (2009) ‘Managing time and childcare in dual earner families. Unforeseen consequences of household strategies’, Acta Sociologica, 52(2): 162–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hammersley, M (2010) ‘Can we re-use qualitative data via secondary analysis? Notes on some terminological and substantive issues’, Sociological Research Online, 15(1). Available at http://www.socresonline.org.uk/15/1/5.html.
  13. Henwood, K., Parkhill, K. and Pidgeon, N. (2008) ‘Science, technology and risk perception: From gender difference to effects made by gender’, Journal of Equal Opportunities International, 28(8): 662–676.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Irwin, S. (2005) Reshaping Social Life, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  15. Irwin, S. (2011) ‘Working across qualitative and quantitative data: Childhood, youth and social inequalities’, Forum 21. European Journal on Child and Youth Research, 6: 58–63.Google Scholar
  16. Irwin, S., Bornat, J. and Winterton, M. (2012) ‘Timescapes secondary analysis: Comparison, context and working across data sets’, Qualitative Research, 12(1): 66–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Irwin, S. and Winterton, M. (2011a) Debates in Qualitative Secondary Analysis: Critical Reflections, Timescapes Working Paper no. 4. Available at http://www.timescapes.leeds.ac.uk/assets/files/WP4-March-2011.pdf.
  18. Irwin, S. and Winterton, M. (2011b) Timescapes Data and Secondary Analysis: Working across the Projects, Timescapes Working Paper no. 5. Available at http://www.timescapes.leeds.ac.uk/assets/files/WP5-March-2011.pdf.
  19. Irwin, S. and Winterton, M. (2012) ‘Qualitative secondary analysis and social explanation’, Sociological Research Online, 17(2). Available at http://www.socresonline.org.uk/17/2/4.html.
  20. Kan, M. Y., Sullivan, O. and Gershuny, J. (2011) ‘Gender convergence in domestic work: Discerning the effects of interactional and institutional barriers from large scale data’, Sociology, 45(2): 234–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Latshaw, B. A. (2011) ‘The more things change, the more they remain the same? Paradoxes of men’s unpaid labour since “The Second Shift”’, Sociology Compass, 5(7): 653–665.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mason, J. (2007) ‘“Re-using” qualitative data: On the merits of an investigative epistemology’, Sociological Research Online, 12(3). Available at www.socresonline.org.uk/12/3/3.html.
  23. Mauthner, N. and Parry, O. (2012) ‘Open access digital data sharing: Principles, policies and practices’, Social Epistemology: A Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Policy, 27(1): 47–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Morehead, A. (2001) ‘Synchronizing time for work and family: Preliminary insights from qualitative research with mothers’, Journal of Sociology, 37(4): 355–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Neale, B. and Bishop, L. (2012) ‘The Timescapes archive: A stakeholder approach to archiving qualitative longitudinal data’, Qualitative Research, 12(1): 53–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Perrons, D., Fagan, C., McDowell, L., Ray, K. and Ward, K. (2005) ‘Work, life and time in the new economy. An introduction’, Time and Society, 14(1): 51–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rose, J. (2011) ‘Finding time to balance: Perceptions of time pressure and work-life balance’, paper presented to Community, Work and Family 4th International conference, University of Tampere, Finland, 19–21 May 2011.Google Scholar
  28. Thomson, R., Kehily, M. J., Hadfield, L. and Sharpe, S. (2011) Making Modern Mothers, Bristol: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  29. Van den Eynden, V., Corti, L., Woollard, M., Bishop, L. and Horton, L. (2011) ‘Managing and sharing data: Best practice for researchers’, UK Data Archive.Google Scholar
  30. Vincent, C., Ball, S. J. and Pietikainen, S. (2004) ‘Metropolitan mothers: Mothers, mothering and paid work’, Women’s Studies International Forum, 27: 571–587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Walby, S. (1997) Gender Transformations, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  32. Winterton, M. and Irwin, S. (2012) ‘Teenage expectations of going to university: The ebb and flow of influences from 14 to 18’, Journal of Youth Studies, 15(7): 858–874.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Sarah Irwin and Mandy Winterton 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah Irwin
  • Mandy Winterton

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations