Introducing Moral Evil and Natural Evil
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Philosophy is one of the disciplines that have been examining evil for hundreds of years. When looking for a human ‘taste for harming’ and for answers to the question in which terms to discuss evil, philosophy definitely has a say. It is however impossible to review all the relevant literature about evil in philosophy and adjacent sciences as numerous books have been written on this topic (e.g., Colpe & Schmidt-Biggemann, 1993; Neiman, 2004; Schulte, 1988). The only way to proceed is hence to pick the most prominent authors who explicitly thought about the notion of evil: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Immanuel Kant, and Hannah Arendt. Leibniz and Arendt are both authors that got confronted with a ‘stereotypical’ evil with respect to their time and thus illustrate well the changes the notion of evil undergoes in the course of the centuries. In addition, Kant has an important say in this context, being the most influential modern moral philosopher.
KeywordsSocial Conflict Virtue Theory Moral Evil Evil Action Natural Evil
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