Advertisement

Bridging the Governance Gap in South Sudan: Connecting Policy-Makers to Populations in Africa’s Newest Oil-Producing Country

  • Conrad Winn
  • Melissa Jennings
  • Matthew I. Mitchell
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

Abstract

On 9 July 2011, South Sudan became the newest country in Africa after it won a war of independence from the Sudanese government in Khartoum — a war that was largely fought over its right to govern its own natural resources. Notwithstanding this victory, a wide range of critically important governance policies have yet to be developed and implemented. While the Government of South Sudan (GOSS) may have defeated its rival in a recent referendum for independence, a formidable amount of work remains to be done. Despite the innumerable challenges facing the country, notable progress was made in the early stages of the post-independence period. During this time, the GOSS and international organizations had a crucial window during which fundamental improvements to health, nutrition, and food security were made possible. In addition, anecdotal evidence seems to indicate that household livelihoods had improved since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the belligerent parties and during the post-independence period. For example, resettlement activities returned many people previously displaced from their homes, allowing these households to resume their livelihoods. Moreover, improved infrastructure and flow of goods and services had a significantly positive effect on both the economy and the morale of the South Sudanese population.

Keywords

Security Council Public Opinion Polling Security Sector Reform Governance Challenge International Crisis Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. African Union Peace and Security Council (2012a) African Union Peace and Security Council.Google Scholar
  2. African Union Peace and Security Council (2012b) 310th Meeting, Addis Ababa, Communique. http://au.int/en/dp/ps/sites/default/files/Communique%20of% 20the%20310th%20Meeting%20of%20the%20PSC_0.pdf (Accessed 12 March 2012).
  3. Bach, D. (2005) ‘The Global Politics of Regionalism: Africa’, in M. Farrell, B. Hettne and L. Van Langenhove (eds.) Global Politics of Regionalism: Theory and Practice (London: Pluto Press).Google Scholar
  4. Ball, N. (2005) Promoting Security Sector Reform in Fragile States. PPC Issue Paper no. 11, (Washington, DC: USAID).Google Scholar
  5. BBC (2013) ‘South Sudan Moves Closer to Oil Pipeline to the South’. BBC News Africa, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-23065592 (Accessed 26 June 2013).
  6. Birangi, M. (2011) Report Exposes South Sudan Corruption (7 September) www.voanews.com/english/news/africa/east/Report-Exposes-South-Sudan-Corruption-129392078.html (Accessed 12 March 2012).
  7. Boylan, H. (2012) Pipedreams? South Sudan’s Struggle for Export Alternatives. ‘Possibilities and Pipedreams: Politics in East African Oil Investment’ www.consultancyafrica.com/index.php? option=com_content&view=article Sri d= 979:possibilities-and-pipedreams-politics-in-east-african-oil-investments& catid=87:african-finance-a-economy&Itemid=294 (Accessed 22 March 2012).
  8. de Waal, A. (2012) ‘South Sudan’s Doomsday Machine’. International Herald Tribune (24 January).Google Scholar
  9. Deng, D. (2011) The New Frontier: A Baseline Survey of Large-Scale Land-Based Investment in Southern Sudan (Oslo: Norwegian People’s Aid).Google Scholar
  10. International Crisis Group (2014) South Sudan: A Civil War by Any Other Name, Africa Report no. 217 (Brussels: International Crisis Group).Google Scholar
  11. International Republican Institute (2011) Survey of South Sudan Public Opinion Quba: USAID).Google Scholar
  12. Laessing, U. (2012) ‘Update 1: Sudan Accuses South of Attack Ahead of Talks’, Reuters Africa, (21 March).Google Scholar
  13. Leonardi, C. (2011) ‘Paying “Buckets of Blood” for the Land: Moral Debates over Economy, War and State in Southern Sudan’, Journal of Modern African Studies, 49 (2): 215–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Management Systems International (2009) Government of Southern Sudan: Functional Capacity Prioritization Study (Washington, DC: USAID).Google Scholar
  15. Mbabazi, P., S.J. Maclean, and T.M. Shaw (2002) ‘Governance for Reconstruction in Africa: Challenges for Policy Communities and Coalitions’, Global Networks, 2 (1): 31–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Multi Donor Trust Fund for South Sudan (2009) Turning the Corner: 2009 Annual Report (Washington, DC: World Bank).Google Scholar
  17. Saferworld (May 2011) Southern Sudan Monitor (fuba: Saferworld).Google Scholar
  18. Shankleman, J. (2014) ‘Oil in South Sudan: Turning Crisis into Opportunity’, New Security Beat: The Blog of the Environmental Change and Security Program (S May), www.newsecuritybeat.org/2014/05/oil-south-sudan-turning-crisis-opportunity/ (Accessed 6 May 2014).
  19. Sudan Tribune (2012) ‘South Sudan Shuts Down Its Oil Production Countrywide’ Juba, Central Equatoria, South Sudan (20 January).Google Scholar
  20. Thusi, T. (2003) ‘Assessing Small Arms Control Initiatives in East Africa: The Nairobi Declaration’, African Security Review, 12 (2): 17–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Trust Law (2011) ‘Oil-Related Conuption in South Sudan Poses “High” Laundering Risk, US Treasury Official Says’, TrustLaw (21 July), www.trust.org/ trustlaw/news/oil-related-corruption-in-south-sudan-poses-high-laundering-risk-us-treasury-official-says/ (Accessed 15 March 2012).
  22. Willems, R. and H. Rouw (2011) Working Group: Community Security and Community Based DDR in Fragile States (Amsterdam and The Hague: Peace Security and Development Network).Google Scholar
  23. Young, J. (2008) ‘Sudan: The Incomplete Transition from the SPLA to the SPLM’, in J. de Zeeuw (ed.) From Soldiers to Politicians: Transforming Rebel Movements After Civil War (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Conrad Winn, Melissa Jennings and Matthew I. Miichell 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Conrad Winn
    • 1
  • Melissa Jennings
    • 1
  • Matthew I. Mitchell
  1. 1.Dalhousie UniversityCanada

Personalised recommendations