Absenteeism is defined as the failure to report for scheduled work (Johns, 2002). Reason for an unscheduled absence could be either medical or non-medical (Aronsson, Gustafasson and Dallner, 2000; Lowe, 2002; Simpson, 1998). In the past, managers used to assume that work attendance equated to performance, which is actually not true (refer to Chapter 2 for an explanation on this issue). Some authors also argue that significant productivity losses due to absenteeism do not result from major or chronic health issues alone but can be associated with common health problems (Barnes et al., 2008). Gosselin, Lemyre and Corneil (2013) argue that health-related loss of productivity can be traced equally to workers showing up at work as well as to workers choosing not to.
KeywordsSick Leave Sickness Absence Relative Wage Workplace Health Promotion Sickness Presenteeism
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