Advertisement

Listening to White Experiences

Chapter
  • 49 Downloads
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan’s Content and Context in Theological Ethics book series (CCTE)

Abstract

Dehumanizing oppression goes against God’s intent for creation: fullness of life for all living things. Some experience being sinned against, and others experience the reality that we are the ones sinning against. Those of us who are involved in oppressing often do not intend and may not even be aware of the sin of our complicity with oppression, or the way our lack of awareness inhibits our ability to love God, neighbor, and self. The previous chapter listened to Latina calls for liberation from various perspectives, and began to take up the question of responding effectively. This chapter continues the exploration from the perspective of white people seeking to understand and resist or dismantle not only racist oppression, but also racist superiority, white privilege, and white supremacy. This chapter engages the question of white liberation: from oppressing, and from what whiteness has become.

Keywords

White People Social Location White Worker White Supremacy White Privilege 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Lillian Smith, Killers of the Dream (New York: W.W. Norton, 1994 [1949]), 39.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gustavo Gutiérrez, On Job: God-Talk and the Suffering of the Innocent, trans. Matthew J. O’Connell (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1987), xvii.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Joe R. Feagin, Racist America: Roots, Current Realities, and Future Reparation (New York: Routledge, 2000), 88.Google Scholar
  4. 7.
    Mary Elizabeth Hobgood, Dismantling Privilege: An Ethics of Accountability (Cleveland, OH: Pilgrim Press, 2000), 42.Google Scholar
  5. 9.
    Tim Wise, White Like Me: Reflections on Race from a Privileged Son (Brooklyn, NY: Soft Skull Press, 2005), ix-x.Google Scholar
  6. 11.
    See the work of Shannon Sullivan, Revealling Whiteness: The Unconscious Habits of Racial Privilege (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2006).Google Scholar
  7. 14.
    Michael Zweig, The Working Class Majority: America’s Best Kept Secret (Ithaca, NY: ILR Press/Cornell University Press, 2000), 19.Google Scholar
  8. 17.
    Andrea Smith, “Walking in Balance: The Spirituality/Liberation Praxis of Native Women,” in Lift Every Voice: Constructing Christian Theologies from the Underside, ed. Susan Brooks Thistlethwaite and Mary Potter Engel (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1998), 55. Emphasis in original.Google Scholar
  9. 18.
    Jennifer Harvey, Karin A. Case, and Robin Hawley Gorsline, eds., Disrupting White Supremacy from Within: White People on What We Need to Do (Cleveland, OH: Pilgrim Press, 2004), 4. Emphasis in original.Google Scholar
  10. 20.
    See, for instance, Karen Brodkin, How Jews Became White Folks and What That Says About Race in America (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1998).Google Scholar
  11. See also Noel Ignatiev, How the Irish Became White (New York: Routledge, 1995).Google Scholar
  12. 21.
    Theodore W. Allen, The Invention of the White Race: Racial Oppression and Social Control, 2 vols., vol. 1 (New York: Verso, 1994), 154.Google Scholar
  13. 22.
    Mary Elizabeth Hobgood, “White Economic and Erotic Disempowerment: A Theological Exploration in the Struggle against Racism,” in Interrupting White Privilege: Catholic Theologians Break the Silence, ed. Laurie M. Cassidy and Alex Mikulich (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2007), 45–48.Google Scholar
  14. 24.
    Barbara Applebaum’s work on understanding white complicity is highly relevant here; see Barbara Applebaum, Being White, Being Good: White Complicity, White Moral Responsibility, and Social Justice Pedagogy (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2010).Google Scholar
  15. Also, see Shannon Sullivan’s work on race and epistemology: Sullivan, Revealling Whiteness: The Unconscious Habits of Racial Privilege. This essay collection also offers pertinent resources: Shannon Sullivan and Nancy Tuana, eds., Race and Epistemologies of Ignorance (Albany, NY: State University of New York, 2007).Google Scholar
  16. 25.
    Richard Shaull, Heralds of a New Reformation: The Poor of South and North America (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1984), 76.Google Scholar
  17. 26.
    James W. Perkinson, White Theology: Outing Supremacy in Modernity (New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2004), 17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 29.
    Joerg Rieger, Christ and Empire: From Paul to Postcolonial Times (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2007), vii.Google Scholar
  19. 30.
    Frederick Herzog, Justice Church: The New Function of the Church in North American Christianity (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1980), 33. Herzog is referencing John 7:47–49.Google Scholar
  20. 32.
    Robert Jensen, The Heart of Whiteness: Confronting Race, Racism, and White Privilege (San Francisco, CA: City Lights Publishing, 2005), xx.Google Scholar
  21. 33.
    Iris De León-Hartshorn, Tobin Miller Shearer, and Regina Shands Stoltzfus, Set Free: A Journey toward Solidarity against Racism (Scottsdale, PA: Herald Press, 2001), 86.Google Scholar
  22. 36.
    Sharon Welch, Communities of Resistance and Solidarity: A Feminist Theology of Liberation (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1985), 51. Emphasis added.Google Scholar
  23. 47.
    Carmen DeNavas-Walt, Bernadette D. Proctor, and Jessica Smith, Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2006, Current Population Reports, P60–233 (Washington, DC: US Census Bureau/US Government Printing Office, 2007), 11.Google Scholar
  24. 49.
    Jared Bernstein, Chauna Brocht, and Maggie Spade-Aguilar, “How Much Is Enough: Basic Family Budgets for Working Families,” (Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute, 2000). See figure 2b.Google Scholar
  25. 51.
    Barbara Ehrenreich, Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting by in America (New York: Metropolitan Books, Henry Holt and Company, 2001), 45.Google Scholar
  26. 56.
    William J. Wilson, The Bridge across the Racial Divide: Rising Inequality and Coalition Politics (New York: University of California Press, 1999), 24.Google Scholar
  27. 70.
    Mab Segrest, Memoir of a Race Traitor (Cambridge, MA: South End Press, 1994), 241–42.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Tammerie Day 2012

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations