‘Media Memories’ in Bosnia and Herzegovina

  • Zala Volčič
  • Karmen Erjavec
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Memory Studies book series (PMMS)


The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH) started 20 years ago. When BIH’s first free, multiparty elections in November 1990 were won by three dominant nationalist parties, all alike, they engaged in endless nationalistic quarrels. The war in BIH escalated in April 1992, when Bosnian Serbs started to besiege Sarajevo for 43 months, shelling Bosniak forces and terrorizing the civilian population with relentless bombardments. After nearly four years of civil war, with thousands of people killed and over a million people leaving their homes, the war in BIH was brought to an end by the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement (DPA) in 1996. The DPA created the foundation for a new Bosnian state inhabited by three ethnic groups who had lived side by side for decades, but who now seemed to be further apart than ever before. In a way, the DPA legitimized the results of the war, that is it divided BIH into two entities: the Federation of BIH (with 51 per cent of the territory) in which mostly Bosnian Muslims (Bosniaks) and Bosnian Croats live, and Republic Srpska (with 49 per cent of the territory) populated almost exclusively by Bosnian Serbs.


Collective Memory News Item Medium Memory Daily Newspaper Critical Discourse Analysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Zala Volčič and Karmen Erjavec 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zala Volčič
  • Karmen Erjavec

There are no affiliations available

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