Conclusions: Understanding the Politics of Gender in Japan



This book argues that there is a distinct form of Confucian nationalism in Japan that has been created by the Japanese government, policymakers, and scholars, which structures the relationship between citizens and the state. This work focuses on the specific policies and effects that Confucian nationalism have on women in several key policy areas, education, social security policy, the environment and gender policies, and institutions (specifically women’s centers). Several key indicators for analyzing Confucian nationalism were presented in chapter 1: (1) A social system based upon role relationships with the home as the primary location from which proper behavior are learned; (2) the codification of Confucian nationalism through government policy; and (3) the historical identification of the ruler/state with the divine. The introduction and chapter 1 described the historical background of Confucian philosophy in Japan including the way in which Confucian philosophy became syncretized with Shintoism and Buddhism. Moreover, early policies regarding the family and education were discussed to provide context for later chapters.


Domestic Violence Japanese Government Liberal Democratic Party Confucian Philosophy Japanese State 
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© Nicole L. Freiner 2012

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