Krieg dem Kriege: The Anti-War Museum in Berlin as a Multilayered Site of Memory

  • Irit Dekel
  • Tamar Katriel
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Memory Studies book series (PMMS)


Museums are prominent sites of memory in contemporary cultures (Nora, 1989). They make memory sensible, collectible and transferable through the objects, documents and images on display along with the discursive practices attending their exhibition (Katriel, 1997). According to Tony Bennett, museums give rise to particular forms of ‘civic seeing’ in which ‘the civic lessons embodied in those arrangements are to be seen, understood and performed by the museum’s visitor’ (2011, p. 263). In their conserving and conservative capacity for showing what is precious (or abominable) in cultural legacies (Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, 2000), they can also give voice to an explicitly mobilizing agenda, turning the museum into a tool for social advocacy. As such, they do not only provide knowledge about the past but also promote a sense of ‘epistemic responsibility’ (Linell and Rommetveit, 1998) whereby knowledge prefigures action.


Social Democratic Party Peace Education Weimar Republic Memorial Museum Visual Rhetoric 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Apel, D. (1997) ‘“Heroes” and “Whores”: The Politics of Gender in Weimar Antiwar Imagery’, The Art Bulletin 79 (3), 366–384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Apel, D. (1999) ‘Cultural Battlegrounds: Weimar Photographic Narratives of War’, New German Critique 76, 49–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arnold-de Simine, S. (2013) Mediating Memory in the Museum: Trauma, Empathy, Nostalgia (Basingstok: Palgrave Macmillan).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bennet, T. (2011) ‘Civic Seeing: Museums and the Organization of Vision’. In S. Macdonald (ed.) A Companion to Museum Studies (West Sussex: Blackwell).Google Scholar
  5. Benz, W. (1988) Pazifi smus in Deutschland. Dokumente zur Friedensbewegung 1890–1939 (Frankfurt am Main: Fischer Taschenbuch).Google Scholar
  6. Bilu, Y. (2005) ‘The Making of Saints and the Vicissitudes of Charisma in Netivot, Israel’. In J. F. Hopgood (ed.) The Making of Saints: Contesting Holy Ground (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press).Google Scholar
  7. Butler, J. (2005) ‘Photography, War, Outrage’, Modern Language Association 120 (3), 822–827.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Duffy, T. M. (1993) ‘The Peace Museum Concept’, Museum International (UNESCO), XLVI (1), 4–8.Google Scholar
  9. Friedrich, E. (1987[1924]) Krieg Dem Kriege (London: Journeyman).Google Scholar
  10. Harari, Y. N. (2008) The Ultimate Experience: Battlefi eld Revelations and the Making of Modern War Culture, 1450–2000 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hopgood, J. F. (ed.) (2005) The Making of Saints: Contesting Sacred Ground (Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press).Google Scholar
  12. Katriel, T. (1997) Performing the Past: A Study of Israeli Settlement Museums (Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates).Google Scholar
  13. Kegel, T. (1991) ‘Ernst Friedrich: Anarchistische Pädagogik in Aktion.’ In U. Klemm Hg. Anarchismus und Pädagogik. Studien zur Rekonstruktion einer vergessenen Tradition, 126–137 (Frankfurt: Dipa Verlag).Google Scholar
  14. Kellner, D. (1987) ‘Introduction’. In E. Friedrich (ed.) War Against War (London: Journeyman).Google Scholar
  15. Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, B. (1998) ‘Objects of Ethnography’. In Destination Culture: Tourism, Museums, and Heritage (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press).Google Scholar
  16. Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, B. (2000) ‘The Museum as Catalyst’, Keynote address, Museums 2000: Confirmation or Challenge, organized by ICOM Sweden, the Swedish Museum Association and the Swedish Travelling Exhibition/ Riksutställningar in Vadstena, Sept 29, 2000. Available at [accesssed 10.3.2015].
  17. Lehrer, E., Milton, C. E. and Patterson, M. E. (eds) (2011) Curating Diffi cult Knowledge (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).Google Scholar
  18. Linell, P. and Rommetveit, R. (1998) ‘The Many Facets of Morality in Dialogue’, Research on Language and Social Interaction 31, 465–473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Linse, U. (1977) Ernst Friedrich zum 10. Todestag. Ed A. W. Mytze. Verlag Europäische Ideen, Heft 29/1977.Google Scholar
  20. Martini, M. (2012) ‘War Against War: Face, Close-up and Wound’, Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the International Association of Visual Semiotics AISVIAVS, Buenos Aires. close-up_and_wound.Google Scholar
  21. Mosse, G. L. (1979) ‘National Cemeteries and National Revival: The Cult of the Fallen Soldiers in Germany’, Journal of Contemporary History 14 (1), 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Nora, P. (1989) ‘Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Memoire’, Representations 26, 7–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sodaro, A. (2013) ‘Memory, History, and Nostalgia in Berlin’s Jewish Museum’, International Journal of Political and Cultural Sociology 26, 77–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sontag, S. (2003) Regarding the Pain of Others (New York: Picador).Google Scholar
  25. Spree, T. (2000) Ich Kenne Keine ‘Feinde’ Der Pazifi st Ernst Friedrich Ein Lebensbild, Anti-Kriegs-Museum Berlin (Berlin: Selbstverlag).Google Scholar
  26. Spree, T. (2012) Ein Museum fuer den Frieden, Berlin: Anti-Kriegs-Museum e.V. (Berlin: Selbstverlag).Google Scholar
  27. Tambiah, S. J. (1984) The Buddhist Saints of the Forest and the Cult of Amulets: A Study in Charisma, Hagiography, Sectarianism and Millenial Buddhism (Cambridge; Cambridge University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Van den Dungen, P. (2006) ‘Preventing Catastrophe: The World’s First Peace Museum’, The Ritsumeikan Journal of International Studies 18(3), 449–462.Google Scholar
  29. Violi, P. (2012) ‘Trauma Site Museums and Politics of Memory: Tuol Sleng, Villa Garimaldi, and the Bologna Ustica Museum’, Theory, Culture Society 29(1), 36–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wagner-Pacifici, R. (2005) ‘Dilemmas of the Witness’. In M. D. Jacobs and N. W. Hanrahan (eds.) The Blackwell Companion to the Sociology of Culture (Oxford: Willey Blackwell Press).Google Scholar
  31. Williams, P. (2007) Memorial Museums: The Global Rush to Commemorate Atrocities (Oxford: Berg).Google Scholar
  32. Winter, J. (2006) Remembering the War: The Great War and Historical Memory in the 20th Century (New Haven: Yale University Press).Google Scholar
  33. Winter, J. (2012) ‘Museums and the Representation of War’, Museum and Society 10(3), 150–163.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Irit Dekel and Tamar Katriel 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irit Dekel
  • Tamar Katriel

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations