• Anna Reading
  • Tamar Katriel
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Memory Studies book series (PMMS)


Our name is humankind, not humancruel. Yet, it is sometimes difficult to recognize our kindness with war memorials that dominate public spaces and a relentless culture of human atrocity and death depicted 24 hours a day on world news. Is it then that world cultures remember violence and trauma but not human resilience, struggle and agency? Or is it that the widespread memorialization of war exploits and heroism has been so dominant in the commemoration of valuable pasts as to completely submerge the cultural memories of struggle and agency in nonviolent1 contexts? Certainly the field of memory studies has given a great deal of emphasis to examining the cultural memories of war and atrocity whereas the cultural memories of nonviolent struggle remain little examined. Implicit in this foregrounding of violence and trauma is a concern with violence in the form of warfare on the one hand (with its ever-present potential for heroic action) and with victimhood and lack of agency on the other hand. This book foregrounds an alternative line of memory work, one in which the linkage between struggle and violence is disrupted and agency comes to be associated with the rejection of violence. This is not to deny the significance of memories of war and atrocity as these are culturally inscribed by both perpetrators and victims in various modes and sites of enactment. It is, however, an attempt to call scholarly attention to cultural arenas in which human agency and moral vision find their expression in nonviolent action that transforms social landscapes and remakes human histories.


Video Game Collective Memory Memory Activism Memory Study Communicative Memory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ackerman, P. and DuVall, J. (2001) A Force More Powerful: A Century of Non-Violent Conflict (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).Google Scholar
  2. Antze, P. and Lambek, M. (1996) Tense Past: Cultural Essays in Trauma and Memory (New York and London: Routledge).Google Scholar
  3. Appadurai, A. (2013) The Future as Cultural Fact: Essays on the Global Condition (New York and London: Verso Books).Google Scholar
  4. Arendt, H. (1958) The Human Condition (Garden City, NY: Doubleday).Google Scholar
  5. Assman, A. (2008a) Cultural Memory and Western Civilization’s Arts of Memory (New York: Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  6. Assman, J. (2008b) ‘Communicative and Cultural Memory’. In A. Erll and A. Nunning (eds) Cultural Memory Studies: An International and Interdisciplinary Handbook (Berlin/NY: de Gruyter), 109–118.Google Scholar
  7. Bar-Tal, D. (2003) ‘Collective Memory of Physical Violence: Its Contribution to the Culture of Violence’. In E. Cairns and M.D. Roe (eds) The Role of Memory in the Ethnics Conflict (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan), 77–93.Google Scholar
  8. Bartkowski, M.J. (ed.) (2013) Recovering Nonviolent History: Civil Resistance in Liberation Struggles (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers).Google Scholar
  9. Brown, S. and Reavey, P. (2006) ‘Transforming Past Agency and Action in the Present Time: Social Remembering and Child Sexual Abuse’, Theory and Psychology 1(2), 179–202.Google Scholar
  10. Brown, S.D. and Hoskins, A. (2012) ‘Terrorism in the New Media Ecology: Mediating and Remembering the 2005 London Bombings’, Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression 2(2), 87–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Caruth, C. (ed) (1995) Trauma: Explorations in Memory (Baltimore: John Hopkins Press).Google Scholar
  12. Connerton, P. (2008) ‘Seven Types of Forgetting’ Memory Studies, 1(1), 59–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Downing, J. (2011) Encyclopedia of Social Movement Media (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Edkins, J. (2003) Trauma and the Memory of Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Epstein, J. and Lefkowtiz, L.H (2001) Shaping Losses: Cultural Memory and the Holocaust (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press).Google Scholar
  16. Erll, A. (2011) Memory in Culture (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).Google Scholar
  17. Erll, A. and Nunning, A. (eds) (2008) Cultural Memory Studies: An International and Interdisciplinary Handbook (Berlin/New York: de Gruyter).Google Scholar
  18. Erll, A. and Rigney, A. (eds) (2009) Mediation, Remediation and the Dynamics of Cultural Memory (Berlin/New York: de Gruyter).Google Scholar
  19. Gandhi, M.K. (1965) Gandhi on Nonviolence. Edited with introduction by Thomas Merton (New York: New Directions).Google Scholar
  20. Gandhi, M.K. (2004) Soul Force: Gandhi’s Writings on Peace. Edited by V. Geetha (Chennai: Tara Publishing).Google Scholar
  21. Gerbaudo, P. (2012) Tweets and Streets: Social Media and Contemporary Activism (London: Pluto Press).Google Scholar
  22. Halbwachs, M. (1992) On Collective Memory (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).Google Scholar
  23. Hoskins, A. (2011) ‘7/7 and Connective Memory: Interactional Trajectories of Remembering in Post-Scarcity Culture’, Memory Studies 4(3), 269–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Juluri, V. (2005) ‘Nonviolence and Media Studies’, Communication Theory 15(2), 196–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Katriel, T. (2015) ‘Commemorating the Twentieth Century: The Holocaust and Nonviolent Struggle in Global Discourse’. In H. Hazan and A. Goldberg (eds) Marking Evil: Holocaust Memory in the Global Age (Oxford: Berghahn Publishers), 315–343.Google Scholar
  26. Katriel, T. and Shavit, N. (2013) ‘Speaking Out: Testimonial Rhetoric in Israeli Soldiers’ Dissent’, Versus: Quaderni di Studi Semiotici 116, 81–105.Google Scholar
  27. Kurlansky, M. (2007) Non-Violence: The History of a Dangerous Idea (London: Vintage Books).Google Scholar
  28. La Capra, D. (1994) Representing the Holocaust: History, Theory and Trauma (Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press).Google Scholar
  29. Lamberti, E. and Fortunati, V. (eds) (2009) Memories and Representations of War: The Case of World War I and World War II (Amsterdam-New York, N.Y: Rodolfi).Google Scholar
  30. Miller, C.A. (2010) Strategic Nonviolent Struggle: A Training Manual: Nonviolent Transformation of Confl ict — Africa. Available on line at University for Peace (Accessed 8 July 2014).Google Scholar
  31. Nelson Mandela Centre for Memory (2014) Nelson Mandela Foundation. (Accessed 8 July 2014).
  32. Nora, P. (1989) ‘Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Memoire’, Representations 26, 7–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Olick, J. (2008) ‘From Collective Memory to the Sociology of Mnemonic Practices and Products’. In A. Erll and A. Nunning (eds) Cultural Memory Studies: An International and Interdisciplinary Handbook (Berlin/New York: de Gruyter), 151–162.Google Scholar
  34. Pollock, G. and Silverman, M. (eds) (2014) Concentrationary Memories: Totalitarian Resistance and Cultural Memories (London: I.B. Tauris).Google Scholar
  35. Potzsch, H. (2012) ‘Framing Narratives: Opening Sequences in Contemporary American and British War Films,’ Media War and Conflict 5, 155–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Radstone, S. and Hodgkin, K. (2009) ‘Introduction to Propping the Subject’. In Radstone, S. and Hodgkin, K. (eds) Memory Cultures: Memory, Subjectivity and Recognition (New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers), 55–60.Google Scholar
  37. Reading, A. (2011) ‘Memory and Digital Media: Six Dynamics of the Globital Memory Field’. In M. Neiger, O. Meyers, and E. Zandberg (eds) On Media Memory: Collective Memory in a New Media Age (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan), 241–252.Google Scholar
  38. Reading, A. (2014) ‘Seeing Red: On the Political Economy of Digital Memory’, Media, Culture and Society. Vol. 36 (6), September, 748–760.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Roberts, A. and Garton Ash, T. (eds) (2009) Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-Violent Action from Gandhi to The Present (Oxford: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  40. Rothberg, M. (2014) ‘Trauma Theory, Implicated Subjects and the Question of Israel/Palestine’, (Accessed 27 May 2014).Google Scholar
  41. Saunders, M. (2009) ‘War Literature, Bearing Witness and the Problem of Sacralization, Trauma and Desire in the Writings of Mary Borden and Others’. In E. Lamberti and V. Foruneti (eds) Memories and Representations of War: The Case of World War One and World War Two (Rodop B.V. Amstede-Neo).Google Scholar
  42. Schell, J. (2003) Unconquerable World: Why Peaceful Protest is Stronger than War (London: Penguin Books).Google Scholar
  43. Schudson, M. (1997) ‘Lives, Laws, and Language: Commemorative vs Non-Commemorative Forms of Effective Public Memory’, The Communication Review 2 (1), 3–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Schudson, M. (2014) ‘Journalism as Vehicle of Non-Commemorative Cultural Memory’. In B. Zelizer and K. Tenenboim-Weinblatt (eds) Journalism and Memory (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan), 85–95.Google Scholar
  45. Sharp, G. (1973) The Politics of Nonviolent Action (Boston: P. Sargent Publisher).Google Scholar
  46. Solomon, C. and Palmieri, T. (2011) Springtime: The New Student Rebellions (London: Verso).Google Scholar
  47. Spring, K. (2010) ‘Re-Presenting Victim and Perpetrator: The Role of Photographs in US Service Members’ Testimony Against War’. In Y. Gutman, A.D. Brown, and A. Sodaro (eds) Memory and the Future: Transnational Politics, Ethics and Society (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan), 105–120.Google Scholar
  48. Straub, J. (2008) ‘Psychology, Narrative and Cultural Memory: Past and Present’. In A. Erll and A. Nunning (eds) Cultural Memory Studies: An Interdisciplinary Handbook (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter), 215–228.Google Scholar
  49. Violi, P. (2012) ‘Trauma Site Museums and Politics of Memory: Tuol Sleng, Villa Garimaldi, and the Bologna Ustica Museum’, Theory, Culture & Society 29(1), 36–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Werbner, P., Webb, M. and Spellman-Poots, K. (eds) (2014) The Political Aesthetics of Global Protest: The Arab Spring and Beyond (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press).Google Scholar
  51. Winter, J. (1995) Sites of Memory, Sites of Mourning: The Great war in European Cultural History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Anna Reading and Tamar Katriel 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Reading
  • Tamar Katriel

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations