Institutional Analysis and Collective Mobilization in a Comparative Assessment of Two Cooperatives in India
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Cooperatives as a form of economic organization represent one of the main alternatives to shareholder-based capitalism. There are over 1 billion members of cooperatives worldwide, and they employ more than 100 million women and men – 20 per cent more than multinational enterprises (International Cooperative Alliance, ICA, 2011). The ICA (2011) defines a cooperative as ‘an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise’. The United Nations estimated in 1994 that the livelihood of nearly 3 billion people was supported by cooperative enterprise, underlining their significant economic and social roles in their communities. It is a testimony to their economic and social significance that the International Labour Organization has declared 2012 to be the International Year of Cooperatives.
KeywordsLabour Regime Institutional Analysis Wage Structure Class Mobilization Political Weekly
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