Crafted by Crises: Regional Integration and Democracy in South America
Over the last two decades, regionalism has gained increasing salience in international politics. Though the European Union (EU) has developed by far the most successful system of supranational governance, no part of the world matches South America for the sheer number and variety of attempts to create common markets and durable regional institutions. South American regional integration efforts as a whole have nearly as lengthy a lineage as their European inspiration. The most recent spate of integration efforts — the Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América, Comunidad de Estados Latinamericanos y Caribeños, and above all, the Unión de Naciones Suramericanas (UNASUR) — build on half a century of uneven and incomplete projects, beginning with the Latin American Free Trade Association in 1960. The most notable include the Common Market of the South (MERCOSUR) and the Andean Community of Nations.
KeywordsEuropean Union Regional Integration Veto Player Multilevel Governance Andean Community
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