Skip to main content

Intersectionality from Theoretical Framework to Policy Intervention

  • Chapter
Situating Intersectionality

Part of the book series: The Politics of Intersectionality ((POLI))

Abstract

Intersectionality, the assertion that social identity categories such as race, gender, class, sexuality, and ability are interconnected and operate simultaneously to produce experiences of both privilege and marginalization, has transformed old conversations while inspiring new debates across the academy. Intersectionality encourages recognition of the differences that exist among groups, moving dialogue beyond considering only the differences between groups. Originating from discontent with treatments of “women” as a homogenous group, intersectionality has evolved into a theoretical research paradigm that seeks to understand the interaction of various social identities and how these interactions define societal power hierarchies. Intersectionality encourages us to embrace the complexities of group-based politics by critically examining the variances in social location that exist among those claiming membership in groups.1

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

eBook
USD 19.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 29.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Anthias, Floya, and Nira Yuval-Davis. 1992. Racialized Boundaries: Race, Nation, Gender, Colour and Class and the Anti-Racist Struggle. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anzuldua, Gloria. 1987. Borderlands: La Frontera: The New Mestiza. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bassel, Leah, and Akwugo Emejulu. 2010. “Struggles for Institutional Space in France and the United Kingdom: Intersectionality and the Politics of Policy.” Politics and Gender (6)4: 517–544.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Berger, Michelle Tracey. 2004. Workable Sisterhood: The Political Journey of Stigmatized Women with HIV/AIDS. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Berger, Michelle Tracy, and Kathleen Guidroz. 2010. “Introduction.” In The Intersectional Approach: Transforming the Academy through Race, Class, and Gender, edited by Michelle Tracey Berger and Kathleen Guidroz. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cohen, Cathy. 1999. The Boundaries of Blackness. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Collins, Patricia Hill. 1990. Black Feminist Thought Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. New York: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • The Combahee River Collective. 1982 [1977]. “A Black Feminist Statement.” In All the Women are White, All the Blacks are Men, But Some of us are Brave, edited by Gloria T. Hull, Patricia Bell Scott, and Barbara Smith. New York: Feminist Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Conaghan, Joanne. 2009. “Intersectionality and the Feminist Project in Law.” In Intersectionality and Beyond: Law, Power and the Politics of Location, edited by Emily Grabham, Davina Cooper, Jane Krishnadas, and Didi Herman. Cavendish: Routlege-Cavendish.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cooper, Anna Julia. 1892. A Voice of the South. Xenia, OH: Aldine Publishing House.

    Google Scholar 

  • Crenshaw, Kimberle. 2011. “Intersectional Interventions: Unmasking and Dismantling Racial Power.” W. E. B. DuBois Lecture Series. Cambridge: Lecture Delivered on February 2.

    Google Scholar 

  • —. 1991. “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics and Violence against Women of Color.” Stanford Law Review 43: 1241.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • —. 1989. “Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics.” University of Chicago Legal Forum: 139: 139–167.

    Google Scholar 

  • Davis, Kathy. 2008. “Intersectionality as Buzzword: A Sociology of Science Perspective on What Makes a Feminist Theory Successful.” Feminist Theory 9(1): 67–85.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dill, Thornton Bonnie. 1983. “Race, Class and Gender: Prospects for an All Inclusive Sisterhood.” Feminist Studies 9(1): 131–150.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fraser, Nancy, and Linda Gordon. 1994. “Genealogy of Dependency: Tracing A Keyword of the U.S. Welfare State.” Signs 19(2): 309–336.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hancock, Ange-Marie. 2011. Solidarity Politics for Millennials: A Guide to Ending the Oppression Olympics. New York: Palgrave Macmillian.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • —. 2007a. “When Multiplication Doesn’t Equal Quick Addition: Examining Intersectionality as a Research Paradigm.” Perspectives on Politics 5: 63–79.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • —. 2007b. “Intersectionality as a Normative and Empirical Research Paradigm.” Politics & Gender June 2007: 248–254.

    Google Scholar 

  • —. 2004. The Politics of Disgust: The Public Identity of the Welfare Queen. New York: New York University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hawkesworth, Mary. 2003. “Congressional Enactments of Race-Gender: Toward a Theory of Raced — Gendered Institutions.” American Political Science Review 97: 529–550.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jordan-Zachery, Julia. 2008. Black Women, Cultural Images and Social Policy. New York: Routlege.

    Google Scholar 

  • —. 2007. “Am I a Black Woman or a Woman Who is Black? A Few Thoughts on the Meaning of Intersectionality.” Politics & Gender 3(2): 254–264.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • King, Deborah K. 1988. “Multiple Jeopardy, Multiple Consciousness: The Context of a Black Feminist Ideology.” Signs 14(1): 42–72.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Knapp, Gudrun-Axeli. 2005. “Reclaiming Baggage in Fast Traveling Theories.” European Journal of Women’s Studies 12(3): 249–265.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lombardo, Emanuel, and Mieke Verloo. 2009. “Stretching Gender Equality to Other Inequalities: Political Intersectionality in European Gender Equality Policies.” In The Discursive Politics of Gender Equality: Stretching, Bending and Policy-making, edited by Emanuela Lombardo, Petra Meier, and Mieke Verloo. New York: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • McCall, Leslie. 2005. “The Complexity of Intersectionality.” Signs 30(3): 1771–1800.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mohanty, Chandra Talpade. 1988. “Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses.” Feminist Review 30(Autumn): 61–88.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Moraga, Cherrie, and Gloria Anzaldua, eds. 1984. This Bridge Called My Back: Writings of Radical Women of Color. 2nd ed. New York: Kitchen Table Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nash, Jennifer. 2008. “Re-Thinking Intersectionality.” Feminist Review 89: 1–15.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Orey, Byron D’Andra, and Wendy G. Smooth. 2006. “Race and Gender Matter: Refining Models of Legislative Policy Making in State Legislatures.” Journal of Women, Politics and Policy 28(3/4): 97–120.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Phoenix, Ann, and Pamela Pattynama. 2006. “Intersectionality.” European Journal of Women’s Studies 13(3): 187–192.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Prins, Baukje. 2006. “Narrative Accounts of Origins: A Blind Spot in the Intersectional Approach?” European Journal of Women’s Studies 13(3): 277–290.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Raj, Rita, Charlotte Bunch, and Elmira Nazombe, eds. 2002. Women at the Intersection: Indivisible Rights, Identities, and Oppressions. New Brunswick: Center for Women’s Global Leadership, Rutgers.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sherwood, Jessica Holden. 2010. “The View from the Country Club.” In The Intersectional Approach: Transforming the Academy through Race, Class, and Gender, edited by Michelle Tracey Berger and Kathleen Guidroz. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Shields, Stephanie A. 2008. “Gender: An Intersectionality Perspective.” Sex Roles 59: 301–311.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Simien, Eveyln. 2007. “Doing Intersectionality Research: From Conceptual Issues to Practical Examples.” Politics & Gender 3: 264–270.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • —. 2006. Black Feminist Voices in Politics. New York: State University of New York Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Smooth, Wendy. 2011. “Standing for Women—Which Women? The Substantive Representation of Women’s Interests and the Research Imperative of Intersectionality.” Politics & Gender 7: 436–441.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • —. 2006. “Intersectionality in Politics: A Mess Worth Making.” Politics & Gender 2: 400–414.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Squires, Judith. 2008. “Intersecting Inequalities: Reflecting on the Subjects and Objects of Equality.” The Political Quarterly 79: 53–61.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Strolovich, Dara. 2007. Affirmative Advocacy Race, Class and Gender in Interest Group Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Valentine, Gill. 2007. “Theorizing and Researching Intersectionality: A Challenge for Feminist Geography.” The Professional Geographer 59: 1, 10–21.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Verloo, Mieke. 2006. “Multiple Inequalities, Intersectionality and the European Union.” European Journal of Women’s Studies 13(3): 211–228.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Weldon, S. L. 2006. “The Structure of Intersectionality: A Comparative Politics of Gender.” Politics & Gender 2(2): 235–248.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yuval-Davis, Nira. 2006. “Intersectionality and Feminist Politics.” European Journal of Women’s Studies 13(3): 193–209.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zuberi, Tukufu, and Eduardo Bonilla-Silva. 2008. White Logic, White Methodology: Racism and Methodology. New York: Rowan & Littlefield.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Authors

Editor information

Angelia R. Wilson

Copyright information

© 2013 Angelia R. Wilson

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Smooth, W.G. (2013). Intersectionality from Theoretical Framework to Policy Intervention. In: Wilson, A.R. (eds) Situating Intersectionality. The Politics of Intersectionality. Palgrave Macmillan, New York. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137025135_2

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics