The previous chapter showed how terrorism against non-innocents may be justified under certain circumstances. But what about terrorism against innocents — that is, the deliberate and instrumental killing of innocents as part of a terrorist strategy? This part of the book seeks to answer the question of whether such terrorism may ever be justified. It comprises an argument on two prominent approaches to the question of the permissibility of killing innocents currently discussed in moral philosophy, namely Virginia Held’s rights-based account for justifying terrorism and the supreme emergency exemption, which has most prominently been endorsed by Michael Walzer. I will eventually argue that a modified account of supreme emergency can, in fact, allow for terrorism against innocents in extreme situations.
KeywordsPolitical Community Philosophical Enquiry Advantage Group Dirty Hand Supreme Emergency
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