Every entity (thing) is a system that consists of parts (subsystems) and which is also a part of larger systems — a “holon” to use Arthur Koestler’s term popularized by Ken Wilber (2001, 27)
Every system and every part of a system are connected to every other system, at least indirectly
Systems and parts of a system interact in ways that can produce surprising and counter-intuitive results
The tendency to produce unexpected results makes predicting the outcome of systems’ interaction difficult, if not impossible.
KeywordsMental Model Cellular Automaton System Behavior Chaotic Behavior Cellular Automaton
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