“God Speed the Breed”: New Negro in the Long Black Student Movement

  • Ibram X. Kendi
Part of the Contemporary Black History book series (CBH)


Black student activists started to depart their politically, socially, and culturally exiled “islands within” decades before the 1960s. In a larger sense, African American activism did not abruptly burst onto the scene in the mid-twentieth century. In recent years, historians have provided new frames to chronicle this extended story, pulling the origin of the twentieth century black freedom struggle back to the 1920s and extending the purview of activism to the North and West. In 2005, Jacquelyn Dowd Hall termed this new historiography the “Long Civil Rights Movement,” exposing the sea of activism throughout the country in the late 1930s, 1940s, and early 1950s. In Hall’s conception, the Long Civil Rights Movement encompasses not only these formative struggles, but also the classical civil rights period (1954–1965) and the BPM.1


Black Student White Student Negro Student Black Power Race Pride 
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Copyright information

© Ibram H. Rogers 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ibram X. Kendi

There are no affiliations available

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