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Working Girls of the Golden West

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Part of the Historical Studies in Education book series (HSE)

Abstract

Corinne Seeds and Helen Heffernan were born seven years apart—Seeds in 1889 and Heffernan in 1896. Both were born into families in which women were expected to work, and both spent their formative years in the American West. Corinne Seeds was born and lived until she was sixteen in Colorado Springs, Colorado; her father, Sherman, was a carpenter and her mother, Mary, had been a teacher. Helen Heffernan was born in the industrial city of Lawrence, Massachusetts, the youngest of the seven living children of Michael and Margaret Heffernan. Her father, a brick mason, died when she was a child of six. In 1906, when she was ten, she moved with her widowed mother, older brothers, and sister across the continent to the mining town of Goldfield, Nevada, where she attended high school. Both Corinne Seeds and Helen Heffernan grew up in western towns at a time when ideas of the frontier were being challenged by rapid social and technological change.1 Colorado Springs and Goldfield were in some sense defined by older imaginings of the western frontier, but they were in fact intimately tied to developments in global capitalism and were sites of two of the most radical labor movements in the mining West. Colorado Springs, Colorado, in the 1890s was well known as a health resort that attracted wealthy visitors from the East and from Europe, but it was also the financial center for the nearby mining district of Cripple Creek, the site of one of the richest gold strikes and the most violent labor struggles in the history of the United States.

Keywords

Teacher College Oral History Normal School Public High School Health Resort 
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Notes

  1. 7.
    See Mary Murphy, “The Private Lives of Public Women: Prostitution in Butte, Montana, 1878–1917,” Frontiers 7, no. 3 (1984): 194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 10.
    Kate Rousmaniere, Citizen Teacher: The Life and Leadership of Margaret Haley (Teachers College Press, 2005); Joan Smith, Ella Flagg Young: Portrait of a Leader (Northern Illinois Press, 1979).Google Scholar
  3. 13.
    Romanzo Adams, “University Notes,” Nevada School Journal 3, no. 1 (1912): 5.Google Scholar
  4. 39.
    Lawrence De Graff, “The City of Black Angels: Emergence of the Los Angeles Ghetto, 1890–1930,” Pacific Historical Review 39 (1970): 343.Google Scholar
  5. 41.
    For a more extensive discussion of Seeds’s narrative, see Kathleen Weiler, “Corinne Seeds and the Avenue 21 School,” Historical Studies in Education 14, no. 2 (2002): 191–218.Google Scholar
  6. 43.
    John McClymer, “Gender and the American Way of Life,” Journal of American Ethnic History 10, no. 3 (Spring 1991): 8Google Scholar
  7. 48.
    Hortense Spillers, “Mama’s Baby, Papa’s Maybe: An American Grammar Book,” Diacritics 17, 2 (Summer 1987): 65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kathleen Weiler 2011

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