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Liberalization/Anti-Liberalization

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Abstract

While virtually all South American countries launched liberalizing and public-private initiatives by the first half of the 1990s, movements of opposition challenged them and shaped outcomes in a number of countries. Impact varied in both instances. Colombia and Peru experienced sustained liberalization and, eventually, considerable state-market collaboration. In contrast, anti-liberalization movements in Bolivia and Ecuador contributed to the rise of regimes—sometimes characterized as post-neoliberal—that significantly altered the course of reform. After discussing these two sets of Andean cases, this chapter closes with a review of Uruguay and Paraguay.

Keywords

Private Sector Social Movement External Shock Asian Financial Crisis Fiscal Deficit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Mauricio Font 2015

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