The social democratic movement gradually emerged throughout Northern Europe during the latter half of the nineteenth century and involved frequent exchanges of ideas across borders. In the Scandinavian countries, postponed industrialization contributed to a relatively late development of social democratic parties and trade unions, and it was the German Social Democrats who became the main source of ideological inspiration for the budding labour movement.
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© 2013 Nik Brandal, Øivind Bratberg and Dag Einar Thorsen
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Brandal, N., Bratberg, Ø., Thorsen, D.E. (2013). The Birth of the Social Democratic Movement (1848–1916). In: The Nordic Model of Social Democracy. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137013279_2
Publisher Name: Palgrave Macmillan, London
Print ISBN: 978-1-349-43669-9
Online ISBN: 978-1-137-01327-9