Ghana: The African Exemplar of an Institutionalized Two-Party System?

  • Cyril K. Daddieh
  • George M. Bob-Milliar


Ghana’s experience with political party development has diverged from the African norm. Since the early days of decolonization and right through the upheavals of the post-colonial period when the country alternated between civilian rule and military dictatorship, Ghana maintained a limited number of political parties but more importantly since the democratic transition in 1992 the Ghanaian party system has evolved into the only strongly institutionalized two-party system on the continent (see Carbone 2003; Morrison 2004; Debrah 2007; GyimahBoadi and Debrah 2008; Whitfield 2009; Daddieh 2011; Lynch and Crawford 2011; Bob-Milliar 2012a). This chapter provides evidence to substantiate the claim that Ghana’s party system is best described as an institutionalized two-party system and seeks to address two important questions: How did Ghana’s two-party system develop? And how has the party system contributed to the development of democracy since Ghana joined the third wave of democratization in May 1992?


Presidential Election Party System Parliamentary Election Democratic Consolidation Main Party 
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© Cyril K. Daddieh and George M. Bob-Milliar 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cyril K. Daddieh
  • George M. Bob-Milliar

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