The Justification of Action-Guiding Beliefs: A Positive Account
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Now that we have mapped out Plantinga’s account of warranted theistic and Christian beliefs, and have detailed several objections, we are in a good position to posit an alternative deontologically grounded evidentialist concept of justification which is more plausible in light of the EAFI and other considerations which favor an internalist account of justification, at least for action-guiding beliefs. These other considerations include Laurence Bonjour’s clairvoyance argument and Cohen’s new evil-demon argument that we have been discussing (Bonjour 1980; Cohen 1984). Religious beliefs such as “God exists,” “Christianity is true,” or “God has commanded X” are indeed action-guiding for the practicing believer; similarly, belief in the denials of these propositions is also action-guiding for many atheistic people.1 This accounts for the enduring importance and controversy which surrounds such beliefs.
KeywordsReligious Belief Access Condition Epistemic Justification Perceptual Belief Belief Formation
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