A key aim of youth citizenship programmes over the last 20 years has been the realization of participation rights enshrined in the UN Declaration of the Rights of the Child, enabling young people to contribute to decision-making on issues that directly affect them. While one of the positive outcomes of this has been greater recognition amongst policymakers of young people’s rights to be consulted, there has been a tendency to concentrate on ‘local’ or ‘national’ issues and to continue treating young people as apprentices who still have to achieve the status of citizens (see Lawy and Biesta, 2006; Skelton, 2010), assuming that in order to become ‘good’ citizens, they need to adopt a ready-made set of civil values, as outlined, for instance, by Crick (2000), in his recommendations for British citizenship education. Young people have been positioned as waiting and learning rather than as active members of society who already practice citizenship at a range of scales in their everyday lives (Kallio and Häkli, 2011; Skelton, 2010; Buckingham, 2000). As Lawy and Biesta (2006, p. 42) argue:
Current policy and educational practice have been informed by the idea of citizenship-as-achievement […] The major problem with the idea of citizenship-as-achievement — a status that is achieved only after one has traversed a particular developmental and educational trajectory — is that it does not recognize the claims to citizenship of young people.
- Young People
- Citizenship Education
- Political Geography
- Youth Culture
- Critical Engagement
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
Bang, H. (2003). A new ruler meeting a new citizen: Culture governance and everyday making. In H. Bang (Ed.) Governance as social and political communication (pp. 241–266). Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Baumgartner, J. C. and Morris, J. S. (2006). The Daily Show effect: Candidate affiliations, efficacy and American youth. American Politics Research, 34(3): 341–367.
Bell, S. (2004). Apes of wrath. York: Methuen.
Buckingham, D. (2000). The making of citizens: Young people, news, and politics. London: Routledge.
Caswell, L. S. (2004). Drawing swords: War in American editorial cartoons. American Journalism, 21, 13–45.
Copper, N. and Holman, V. (2008). War and visual culture since 1900. Journal of War and Culture Studies, 1, 219–222.
Crick, B. (2000). Essays on citizenship. London: Continuum.
Dodds, K. (1996). The 1982 Falklands War and a critical geopolitical eye: Steve Bell and the If… cartoons. Political Geography, 15, 571–592.
El Haj, T. R. A. (2007). “I was born here, but my home, it’s not here”: Educating for democratic citizenship in an era of transnational migration and global conflict. Harvard Educational Review, 77, 285–316.
El Refaie, E. and Hörschelmann, K. (2010). Young people’s readings of a political cartoon and the concept of multimodal literacy. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 31, 195–207.
El Refaie, E. (2009). Multiliteracies: How readers interpret political cartoons. Visual Communication, 8, 181–205.
Hay, C. (2007). Why we hate politics. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Hebdige, D. (1979). Subculture: The meaning of style. New York: Methuen.
Hörschelmann, K. (2008). Populating the landscapes of critical geopolitics: Young people’s responses to the war in Iraq (2003). Political Geography, 27, 587–609.
Hörschelmann, K. and El Refaie, L. (forthcoming) Relational citizenship: Political geographies of youth at times of war. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers.
Jones, J.P. (2010). Entertaining politics: Satiric television and political engagement. Latham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Kallio, K. P. and Häkli, J. (2011). Tracing children’s politics. Political Geography, 30, 99–109.
Laclau, E. and Mouffe, C. (1985/2001). Hegemony and socialist strategy: Towards a radical democratic politics. London, New York: Verso.
Lawy, R. and Biesta, G. (2006). Citizenship-as-practice: The educational implications of an inclusive and relational understanding of citizenship. British Journal of Educational Studies, 54, 34–50.
Maira, S. (2004). Imperial feelings: Youth culture, citizenship, and globalization. In M. M. Suarez-Orozco and D. B. Qin-Hilliard (eds) Globalization: Culture and education in the new millennium (pp. 203–234). Berkeley: University of California Press.
Maira, S. (this volume) Citizenship and dissent: South Asian Muslim youth in the US after 9/11.
Matthews, J. (2005). Visual culture and critical pedagogy in ‘terrorist times’. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 26, 203–224.
McRobbie, A. (1993). Shut up and dance: Youth culture and changing modes of femininity. Cultural Studies, 7, 406–426.
Mouffe, C. (2005). On the political. London: Routledge.
Nilan, P. (ed.). (2006). Hybrid youth? Hybrid identities, plural worlds. London: Routledge.
O’Toole, T. (2003). Engaging with young people’s conceptions of the political. Children’s Geographies, 1, 71–90.
Philo, G., and Berry, M. (2004) Bad News from Israel. Pluto Press, London
Rancière, J. (2010). Dissensus: On politics and aesthetics. London: Continuum.
Skelton, T. (2010). Taking young people as political actors seriously: Opening the borders of political geography. Area, 42, 145–151.
Thornton, S. (1995). Club cultures. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Willis, P. (1977). Learning to labour: How working class kids get working class jobs. Farnborough: Ashgate.
Editors and Affiliations
© 2014 Kathrin Hörschelmann and Elisabeth El Refaie
About this chapter
Cite this chapter
Hörschelmann, K., El Refaie, E. (2014). Youth Citizenship beyond Consensus: Examining the Role of Satire and Humour for Critical Engagements in Citizenship Education. In: Buckingham, D., Bragg, S., Kehily, M.J. (eds) Youth Cultures in the Age of Global Media. Studies in Childhood and Youth. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137008152_14
Publisher Name: Palgrave Macmillan, London
Print ISBN: 978-1-349-43551-7
Online ISBN: 978-1-137-00815-2
eBook Packages: Palgrave Social Sciences CollectionSocial Sciences (R0)