• Joan DeBardeleben
  • Crina Viju


The three phases of the crisis that began in 2007 and erupted with full force in the Fall of 2008 had a multilevel character in Europe. At each level — the national level, the European (including the European Union [EU]) level, and the larger global context — different dynamics governed the impact of the crisis.


Monetary Policy International Monetary Fund Public Debt European Central Bank Optimum Currency Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Joan DeBardeleben and Crina Viju 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joan DeBardeleben
  • Crina Viju

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