Lady Correspondent, “Metropolitan Gossip,” The Belfast News-Letter, February 5, 1900.
Charles Gavard, Un Diplomate a Londres: Lettres et Notes 1871–1877 (Paris, 1895), 83–87.
Denys Forrest, Foursome in St. James’s: The Story of the East India, Devonshire, Sports and Public Schools Club (London: East India, Devonshire, Sports and Public Schools Club, 1982), 107.
Henry Lucy, The Diary of a Journalist: Later Entries 1890–1910 (London: John Murray, 1920), 2: 270.
Denys Mostyn Forrest, The Oriental: Life Story of a West End Club, 2nd ed. (London: Batsford, 1979), 136
Denys Forrest, Foursome in St. James’s: The Story of the East India, Devonshire, Sports and Public Schools Club (London: East India, Devonshire, Sports and Public Schools Club, 1982), 106.
Thomas Burke, London in My Time (London: Rich & Cowan, 1934), 197.
Robert Graves and Alan Hodge, The Long Week-End: A Social History of Great Britain 1918–1939 (London: W W. Norton, 2001), 114. D. J. Taylor, Bright Young People: The Rise and Fall of a Generation: 1918–1940 (London: Vintage Books, 2008).
Allison Abra, “Doing the Lambeth Walk: Novelty Dances and the British Nation,” Twentieth Century British History 20, no. 3 (2009): 348, 351.
Claire Langhamer, Women’s Leisure in England, 1920–1960 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2001).
It was only when women had tangible equality that marriage could be companionate with both partners freely choosing to be married without economic dependence. Marcus Collins, Modern Love: Personal Relationships in Twentieth-Century Britain (Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press, 2006), 19–23, 26.
Fitzroy Gardner, More Reminiscences of an Old Bohemian (London: Hutchinson, 1926), 51.
For a recent collection of stories see P. G. Wodehouse, The World of Jeeves (London: Arrow Books, 2008).
There were very few fine dining spaces in mid-Victorian London, Sablonière’s, Bertolini’s, and Verry’s being notable exceptions. Robert Thorne identifies the opening of the Grand Divan Restaurant in 1848 (later Simpson’s) as perhaps the first modern restaurant. Robert Thorne, “Places of Refreshment in the Nineteenth-Century City,” in Buildings and Society: Essays on the Social Development of the Built Environment, ed. Anthony D. Kin (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980), 232, 237.
Ralph Nevill, The Gay Victorians (London: Eveleigh, Nash & Grayson, 1930), 73–74.
Helen and Mary Margaret McBride Josephy, London Is a Man’s Town (But Women Go There) (New York: Coward-McCann, 1930), 165–174.
Sarah Freeman, Mutton and Oysters: The Victorians and Their Food (London: Victor Gollancz, 1989), 287.
The owners of the Ritz Hotel, which opened in 1906, explicitly tried to lure fashionable women out of their homes and men out of their clubs with attractive and accessible meals. Marcus Binney, The Ritz Hotel London (London: Thames & Hudson, 1999), 102.
Jeffrey Richards, The Age of the Dream Palace: Cinema and Society in 1930s Britain (London: I.B. Tauris, 2010), 5, 323.
Jeff Hill, Sport, Leisure, and Culture in Twentieth-Century Britain (Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002).
John K. Walton, The British Seaside: Holidays and Resorts in the Twentieth Century (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000).
Adrian Horn, Juke Box Britain: Américanisation and Youth Culture, 1945–60 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2009).
Ross McKibbin, Classes and Cultures: England 1918–1951 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), 1.
Quoted in J. Mordaunt Crook, The Rise of the Nouveaux Riches: Style and Status in Victorian and Edwardian Architecture (London: John Murray, 1999), 187.
Frank Mort, Capital Affairs: London and the Making of the Permissive Society (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010), 6.
Even in the 1970s club membership could be used as a marker of elite identity. Philip Stanworth and Anthony Giddens, ed. Elites and Power in British Society (London: Cambridge University Press, 1974), 70–71. Clubland is flourishing today, but just as in every other moment of success, it has changed to suit contemporary society’s needs.
Barnaby Brook, Mock-Turtle: Being the Memoirs of a Victorian Gentleman (New York: Minton Balch, 1931), 271.