Islamophobia, Defamation of Religions, and International Human Rights
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Since 1999, under pressure from Muslim majority states, the United Nations passed a series of resolutions asking states to combat the defamation of religions. This initiative raises the question: Should there be an international norm against hate speech targeting a religion? In particular, is the United Nations Resolution “Combating the Defamation of Religions” a step forward in developing such a norm? So far these questions have polarized international society by setting Muslims against Western liberal democracies. After 12 years of campaign, the supporters of the Resolution decided not to pursue defamation resolution and joined major Western states to pass a joint resolution on religious tolerance and freedom.
KeywordsRacial Discrimination Free Speech Western State Muslim Community Hate Speech
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