Modern welfare states have emerged from many advanced industrialised countries, their emergence dating back to the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century. Invariably, these states have become an intrinsic part of world capitalism. Often, when these industrial countries expanded welfare provisions, they were already fully developed democracies. The case of the Republic of Korea (hereafter Korea) is unique in that it illustrates how an authoritarian developmental state under a military leadership laid the groundwork for future welfare development, despite the fact that a significant portion of its financial resources is devoted to military infrastructure. Although Taiwan has caught up considerably in its social welfare provisions since its democratisation in 1987, democratisation in Korea at around the same time has also helped to consolidate and improve existing social programmes (e.g. national pension and medical insurance).
- Social Welfare
- Social Initiative
- Labour Movement
- Filial Piety
- Land Reform
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout
Purchases are for personal use onlyLearn about institutional subscriptions
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
© 2000 Kwong-leung Tang
About this chapter
Cite this chapter
Tang, Kl. (2000). The Authoritarian Developmental State and Social Welfare in Korea. In: Social Welfare Development in East Asia. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780333985496_5
Publisher Name: Palgrave Macmillan, London
Print ISBN: 978-1-349-41340-9
Online ISBN: 978-0-333-98549-6