The Baghdad Pact and the Alpha Plan

Part of the St Antony’s Series book series


If the year 1956 was a turning point in the contemporary history of the Middle East, the events immediately following the signing of the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty set the stage for the Suez Crisis. The United States and Egypt who had tentatively cooperated with one another, embarked on their individual and conflicting paths. The latent tensions, masked over while the two powers concentrated on the Suez base dispute, began to surface. Washington moved to a two-part strategy of crafting a regional defense alignment based on the Northern Tier countries while attempting to achieve a settlement between Israel and its neighbors. The defense network was critical, as it offered the area at least a modicum of protection while the more vexing Arab-Israeli conflict was being addressed energetically. Free from the restriction of the British presence, Egypt, however, embraced a more active pan-Arabist policy that militated against acquiescence to a Western defense network or reconciliation with the Zionist state. The incompatibility between a superpower pursuing Cold War objectives and a regional power devoted to principles of Arab nationalism ultimately caused the collapse of US-Egyptian relations.


Middle East Arab World Negev Desert Arab State Western Power 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Ray Takeyh 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of California at BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA

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