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The United States’ Cold War Priorities and the Middle East, 1945–53

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Abstract

This study advances the claim that US policy toward the Middle East derived from a Cold War outlook that ultimately proved irreconcilable with the direction of Egypt’s policy. At a time of intense Cold War confrontation, the US was determined to mobilize the Middle East for the task of containment. A globalist Eisenhower administration sought to exert influence over credible nationalists in order to expedite America’s security vision. Egypt would be the key to the Middle East conundrum, for if Egypt exerted her considerable powers in the right direction, the doctrine of containment would be implemented easily. However, in the aftermath of the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, the objectives of Cairo would defy the US Cold War paradigm. This was the age of Arab nationalism, since the ideals of progressive reform and independence resonated through a region that was recently humiliated by the state of Israel. Nasser’s Egypt successfully appealed to the Arab nationalists’ desire for greater unity and elimination of external influence as a means of establishing its area hegemony. In the 1950s, Egypt would embody the Arab masses’ hopes and calls for the construction of a new society.

Keywords

Middle East Arab World Foreign Minister Arab State British Establishment 
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Notes

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Copyright information

© Ray Takeyh 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of California at BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA

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