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The Gorbachev Restructuring

  • David Lockwood
Chapter
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Abstract

In 1985, in his first major economic report as CPSU General Secretary, Mikhail Gorbachev stated:

We are forced to invest the necessary means in national defence … in the face of the aggressive policy and the threat of imperialism, it is impossible to allow [it] military superiority over us.1

Military requirements necessitated an economic shake-up, while at the same time, it was thought that the relatively more advanced military-industrial sector could reinvigorate the rest of the economy.2 Consequently, the Soviet leadership took up the question of intensive, as opposed to extensive, economic growth. Gorbachev compared Soviet performance with that of the West in 1987:

At the same time as the Western countries have begun a restructuring of their economies on a broad scale with the emphasis on conservation of resources, exploitation of the newest technologies and other achievements of science and technology, our scientific-technical progress has slowed down.3

The June 1987 Central Committee plenum therefore committed itself to intensive growth.

Keywords

World Market Joint Venturis Central Committee Shadow Economy Industrial Manager 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    M. S. Gorbachev, ‘Korennoi vopros ekonomicheskoi politiki partii’, Pravda, 12 June 1985, p. 1.Google Scholar
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    See Ed Hewett, Reforming the Soviet Economy, Washington: Brookings Institution, 1988, pp. 306, 311–12.Google Scholar
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    M. S. Gorbachev’s Report to the CPSU Central Committee plenum in Pravda, 26 June 1987 (Current Digest of the Soviet Press, 39 (26), 1987, pp. 11–14). See also the CPSU’s Guidelines for the Economic and Social Development of the USSR for 1986–1990…, Moscow: Novosti, 1985, pp. 16–17.Google Scholar
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    M. S. Gorbachev in Pravda, 28 November 1989, in Peter Frank, ‘The End of Perestroika’, The World Today, 46 (5), May 1990, pp. 87–9 at p. 87.Google Scholar
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  25. 20.
    E. Kolosova, ‘Five Questions to the Manager’, Problems of Economics, 29 (4), August 1986, pp. 90–3. See also the anti-ministry statements expressed by managers at the 19th CPSU Conference (Whitefield, Industrial Power, p. 208).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    See L. N. Vasiliev, ‘Igra stoit svech’, Literaturnaya gazeta, No. 47, 22 November 1989, p. 11.Google Scholar
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    See Jacek Rostowski on the Polish case: ‘The Decay of Socialism and the Growth of Private Enterprise in Poland’, Soviet Studies, 41 (2), April 1989, pp. 194–214 at p. 194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Dominic Lieven, ‘Crisis in the Soviet Union — the Historical Perspective’, The World Today, 46 (5), May 1990, pp. 90-–3 at p. 90.Google Scholar
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    Both quoted in Ottorino Cappelli, ‘The Short Parliament 1989–91: Political Elites, Societal Cleavages and the Weaknesses of Party Politics’, Journal of Communist Studies, 9 (1), March 1993, pp. 109–30 at p. 124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    V. Danilenko, ‘Legkikh reshenii ne budet’, Izvestia, No. 135, 7 June 1991, p. 6.Google Scholar
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    Elliott R. Goodman, ‘Gorbachev Takes Charge’, Survey, 29 (2), Summer 1985, pp. 180–201 at p. 187.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© David Lockwood 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Lockwood
    • 1
  1. 1.Flinders University of South AustraliaAustralia

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