The Gorbachev Restructuring

  • David Lockwood


In 1985, in his first major economic report as CPSU General Secretary, Mikhail Gorbachev stated:

We are forced to invest the necessary means in national defence … in the face of the aggressive policy and the threat of imperialism, it is impossible to allow [it] military superiority over us.1

Military requirements necessitated an economic shake-up, while at the same time, it was thought that the relatively more advanced military-industrial sector could reinvigorate the rest of the economy.2 Consequently, the Soviet leadership took up the question of intensive, as opposed to extensive, economic growth. Gorbachev compared Soviet performance with that of the West in 1987:

At the same time as the Western countries have begun a restructuring of their economies on a broad scale with the emphasis on conservation of resources, exploitation of the newest technologies and other achievements of science and technology, our scientific-technical progress has slowed down.3

The June 1987 Central Committee plenum therefore committed itself to intensive growth.


World Market Joint Venturis Central Committee Shadow Economy Industrial Manager 
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Copyright information

© David Lockwood 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Lockwood
    • 1
  1. 1.Flinders University of South AustraliaAustralia

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