The Political Economy of State Collapse in Somalia and Liberia
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During the late 1980s and early 1990s the regimes of Samuel Doe in Liberia and Siad Barre in Somalia crumbled under the pressure of regionally based guerrilla movements. The end of these regimes was not followed by the instalment of new regimes. Thus, not only were the regimes overthrown but the state itself collapsed. One obvious reason for this collapse was that the regimes had personalized and privatized the state (see also Chapter 1 of this volume). The fall of the regimes consequently led to the demise of the state. The focus of this chapter is on the processes leading to regime breakdown and state collapse in Liberia and Somalia.3
KeywordsInternational Monetary Fund Political Power Economic Recession State Collapse Economic Decline
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