The Native Resources of Deliberative Politics in China
Deliberative democracy is a theory of democratic legitimacy that emerged in Western democracies during the 1990s. Many different definitions of “deliberative democracy” have been proposed. For example, David Miller (1992) defines it as a democratic institution committed to a rational form of decisionmaking. In his view, individuals should have equal opportunities to participate in public policy decisionmaking by freely expressing their own opinions, while willingly listening to opposite points of view. Decisions are made through a collective pursuit of rational discussion and deliberation. Jorge M. Valadez (2000) contends that deliberative democracy is one kind of democratic governance. Equal and free citizens, who are concerned about public interests, reach agreements and make decisions through public conversation and deliberation. Public deliberation is a collective engagement that emphasizes the political participation of community members in public policy formation.
KeywordsPolitical Participation Chinese Communist Party Deliberative Democracy Democratic Governance Free Market Economy
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