Pragmatism in Designing Popular Deliberative Institutions in the United States and China

  • Ethan J. Leib


When I shared with friends that I was going to China to participate in a conference about how to institutionalize forms of deliberative democracy there, most people asked me the same questions: how can you talk about deliberative democracy in China without first talking about democracy more generally? Is it not more important to democratize China in the first instance and only later worry about how to get it to be a deliberative democracy? At first, these questions were paralyzing. I knew little about Chinese politics, but I knew enough to understand where these questions were coming from.


Direct Democracy Deliberative Democracy Political Efficacy Participatory Democracy Competitive Election 
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Copyright information

© Ethan J. Leib and Baogang He 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ethan J. Leib

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