Advertisement

Deliberative Democracy in Different Places

  • John S. Dryzek

Abstract

According to standard and long-established ways of political thinking in the West, democracy was first and foremost an attribute of the state because the state claims final political authority over the citizens of a particular territory. The legitimacy of the democratic state, then, rests on popular control combined with political equality among all citizens. Popular control is normally conceptualized in aggregative terms: the preferences of citizens for leaders, parties, or policies must somehow be aggregated in order to produce collective decisions about who should lead and what they should do. Aggregation generally takes the form of the counting of votes in elections, when this conception of democracy becomes representative democracy. Political equality, then, means that the votes of citizens are counted equally. This conception of democracy becomes liberal democracy when it is linked to a set of rights possessed by each citizen. These rights concern, most importantly, freedom of opinion, expression and association, and protection against the arbitrary power of government.

Keywords

Social Movement Public Sphere Consensus Conference Deliberative Democracy Ordinary Citizen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Works Cited

  1. Beck, Ulrich. 1992. Risk Society. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  2. Bessette, Joseph M. 1994. The Mild Voice of Reason: Deliberative Democracy and American National Government. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  3. Dryzek, John S., David Downs, Christian Hunold, and David Schlosberg with Hans-Kristian Hernes 2003. Green States and Social Movements: Environmentalism in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and Norway. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Habermas, Jürgen. 1989. Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  5. Habermas, Jürgen. 1996. Between Facts and Norms: Contributions to a Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  6. Hendriks, Carolyn. 2003. “Exploring the Murky Waters of Civil Society in Deliberative Democracy.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Australasian Political Studies Association, Canberra, October 2–4.Google Scholar
  7. Lijphart, Arend. 1977. Democracy in Plural Societies: A Comparative Exploration. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Rawls, John. 1993. Political Liberalism. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Stiglitz, Joseph. 2002. Globalization and Its Discontents. New York: W.W. Norton.Google Scholar
  10. Susskind, Lawrence, ed. 1999. The Consensus Building Handbook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  11. Tan, Qingshan. 2004. “Deliberative Democracy and Village Self-governance.” Paper presented at the International Conference on Deliberative Democracy and Chinese Practice of Participatory and Deliberative Institutions, Hangzhou, November 18–21.Google Scholar
  12. Thiers, Paul. 2003. “Risk Society Comes to China: SARS, Transparency, and Public Accountability.” Asian Perspective 27: 241–51.Google Scholar
  13. Uhr, John. 1998. Deliberative Democracy in Australia. Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Ethan J. Leib and Baogang He 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • John S. Dryzek

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations