The Condition of Hegemony and Labour Militancy: The Restructuring of Gender and Production Patterns in Mexico
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In the early 1990s, labour movements in North America were fighting a losing battle to prevent the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) from being concluded. In Mexico NAFTA was viewed as institutionalizing, extending and deepening the neoliberal strategies imposed by international financial institutions, transnational employers and the Mexican state under the neocolonial leadership of the US. In Mexico the neoliberal ideas, institutions and accumulation strategies we now refer to as ‘globalization’ have not been easily imposed as they had a specific genesis in the contradictions arising from an earlier corporatist social compromise under conditions of external domination. In fact Mexico has not been able to overcome the deep social crisis that has characterized the country for many years. While powerful social forces try to convince workers, indigenous peoples, peasants and women that they should or must accept the terms of neoliberal globalization, this effort has gone against the lived experience of the communities of people who have been degraded in the process. When social movements resist powerful social relations, their efforts leave their mark on history, even when they are not completely successful.
KeywordsLabour Relation Labour Movement Production Pattern North American Free Trade Agreement Hegemonic Masculinity
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